Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Undergraduate-New Brunswick
About the University
Undergraduate Education in New Brunswick
Programs of Study and Courses for Liberal Arts and Sciences Students
Programs, Faculty, and Courses
Availability of Majors
Course Notation Information
Accounting 010
African Area Studies 016
African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures 013
Africana Studies 014
Agriculture and Food Systems 020
American History 512
American Literature
American Studies 050
Animal Science 067
Anthropology 070
Archaeology 075
Architectural Studies 076
Armenian 078
Art 080
Art History 082
Arts and Sciences 090
Asian Studies 098
Astrobiology 101
Astrophysics 105
Biological Sciences
Biomedical Sciences
Biotechnology 126
Business Analytics and Information Technolgy 136
Business Law 140
Cell Biology
Chemistry 160
Chinese 165
Cinema Studies 175
Cognitive Science 185
Communication 192
Community Development
Comparative Literature 195
Computer Science 198
Criminal Justice 202
Criminology 204
Dance 203
Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources 216
Economics 220
Education 300
Entomology 370
Environmental and Business Economics 373
Environmental Certificates
Environmental Planning 573
Environmental Policy, Institutions, and Behavior 374
Environmental Sciences 375
Environmental Studies 381
European Studies 360
Exercise Science 377
Film Studies
Finance 390
Food Science 400
French 420
Gender and Media 438
Geography 450
Geological Sciences 460
German 470
Greek 490
Greek, Modern Greek Studies 489
Health Administration 501
Health and Society 502
Learning Goals
Major Requirements
Minor Programs and Requirements
Certificate Programs and Requirements
Teacher Certification
Departmental Honors Program
General/Comparative History Courses (506)
African, Asian, and Latin American History Courses (508)
European History Courses (510)
American History Courses (512)
History/French Joint Major 513
History/Political Science Joint Major 514
Holocaust Studies 564
Human Resource Management 533
Hungarian 535
Individualized Major 555
Information Technology and Informatics 547
Interdisciplinary Studies, SAS 556
International and Global Studies 558
Italian 560
Japanese 565
Jewish Studies 563
Journalism and Media Studies 567
Junior Year Abroad
Korean 574
Labor Studies and Employment Relations 575
Landscape Architecture 550
Latin 580
Latin American Studies 590
Latino and Caribbean Studies 595
Leadership and Management 605
Life Sciences
Linguistics 615
Management and Global Business 620
Marine Sciences 628
Marketing 630
Mathematics 640
Medicine and Dentistry
Medieval Studies 667
Meteorology 670
Microbiology 680
Middle Eastern Studies 685
Military Education, Air Force 690
Military Education, Army 691
Military Education, Naval 692
Military Science Minor (Military Science 691N, Naval Science 692N, Aerospace Science 693N, Non-Commissioning 695N)
Molecular Biology
Nutritional Sciences 709
Operations Research 711
Organizational Leadership 713
Philosophy 730
Physics 750
Physiology and Neurobiology
Planning and Public Policy 762
Plant Biology 776
Polish 787
Political Science 790
Portuguese 810
Psychology 830
Public Health 832
Public Policy 833
Religion 840
Russian 860
Sexualities Studies 888
Social Justice 904
Social Work 910
Sociology 920
South Asian Studies 925
Spanish 940
Sport Management 955
Statistics 960
Study Abroad 959
Supply Chain Management 799
Theater 965
Ukrainian 967
Urban Planning and Design 971
Urban Studies
Visual Arts
Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies 988
World Language Proficiency Certificates
School of Arts and Sciences
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences
Mason Gross School of the Arts
Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy
Rutgers Business School: Undergraduate-New Brunswick
School of Communication and Information
School of Engineering
Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
School of Management and Labor Relations
Honors College of Rutgers University-New Brunswick
General Information
Divisions of the University
Camden Newark New Brunswick/Piscataway
New Brunswick Undergraduate Catalog 2022-2024 Programs of Study and Courses for Liberal Arts and Sciences Students Programs, Faculty, and Courses History American History Courses (512)  

American History Courses (512)

01:512:103 Making of America: Colonization to Civil War (3) Political, economic, and social history of the United States from colonial times to the Civil War.
01:512:104 Making of America: Gilded Age to Global Power (3) Political, economic, and social history of the United States from the Civil War to the present.
01:512:107 Gateway to Making of America: Colonization to Civil War (4) U.S. history to 1877, with weekly recitation section. Registration through school dean.
01:512:108 Gateway to Making of America: Gilded Age to Global Power (4) U.S. history since 1877, with weekly recitation section. Registration through school dean.
01:512:111 Race, Place, and Space in American History (3) Explores the interplay of social, historical, and spatial forces in configuring American racial formations and identities--white, black, Indian, and Asia--from the colonial period to the present.  Situates race in geographical context and assesses how modern America has been influenced by the historical development of racialized spaces and places.
01:512:121 Health and Environment in America (3)   Changing manner in which Americans perceived and responded to health-related problems involving both the individual and the physical and social environment from the 17th to the 20th century.
01:512:191,192 American Topics (3,3) Study of special topics in American history at the introductory level.
01:512:205 The American Presidency (3) Examines the American presidency in historical perspective, including the powers of the office, its place in the American imagination, and the substantive achievement of the most significant presidents.
01:512:210 Food in the United States and the World (3) Examines the histories of food production and consumption in the United States and the world from the colonial era to the 21st century, with particular emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries. Considers how political and economic power relations, social norms, and cultural traditions regarding food production and consumption have changed over time.
01:512:212 Cowboys and Indians on the Western Frontier (3) Introduction to the history of the west and tensions between native people and settlers.
01:512:215 American Legal History (3) American legal history from the 18th century to the contemporary era. Focus on specific case studies in the history of American law.
01:512:216 Famous Trials (3) Examines famous American trials (Sacco and Vanzetti, Scopes, Scottsboro, Hiss) with comparative trials from world history (Galileo, Dreyfus, Oscar Wilde). Includes film portrayals and 21st-century parallels.
01:512:220 Your Family in History (3) American history from the perspective of a student's own family or ethnic group. Impact of social, cultural, economic, and religious changes on the family.
01:512:225 Sexuality in America (3) The history of sexuality in American history from early colonization to contemporary America. Explores the factors that shaped people's sexual lives and introduces students to the historical study of sexuality.
01:512:229 History of Medical Ethics (3) Overview of medical ethics in 19th and 20th century United States and the historical milestones that led to our current system of research oversight. Traces history of research with human subjects prior to the establishment of bioethics as a field and examines discussion and practice surrounding human subjects research in late 19th and 20th centuries. Topics include Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, ethical issues in human reproduction, ethics of death and dying, ethics of commodification of medical care.
01:512:230 History of Medicine in Film (3) Portrayals of medicine and medical care in American film over the past 80 years. What popular films can tell us about the cultural images of physicians, technology, and medicine in American society.
01:512:231 American Jewish History (3) History of the Jews in the New World, beginning in the middle of the 17th century, and then focusing on the United States until the present. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:231.
01:512:235 Accidents and Disasters in the United States and the World (3) Examines the histories of accidents and disasters in the United States and the world from the 17th to the 21st centuries, with particular emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries.
01:512:236 Edison and His Era (3) Work of Thomas Edison as a vehicle for understanding the transformation of the American economy and culture from 1880-1930.
01:512:237 Data: A Social History (3) Explores data in American society.  How and why data became central to government, business, and daily life in the United States, from the nineteenth century to the present day.
01:512:238 History of Homelessness: Unhoused Populations in US History (3) Examines social and legal history of homelessness and unhoused populations in the United States, from the colonial period to the present.
01:512:240 World War I (3) Study of the causes, course, and consequences of World War I, with particular emphasis on American culture and foreign policy within Western civilization.
01:512:242 World War II (3) Study of the causes, course, and aftermath of World War II, with particular emphasis on the place of American culture and foreign policy within world politics.
01:512:250 Natives and Newcomers: Immigration and Migration in U.S. History (3) Immigration and migration in U.S. history from precolonial societies to the present. Critical examination of the dynamics of immigration over several centuries, challenging common fundamental views. Considers immigration from the perspective of natives or "the nation" and from the view of newcomers.
01:512:253 Asian American History (3) Introduction to the political, economic, and sociocultural aspects of immigrants from Asia and their descendants in the United States from the 16th to the 21st century.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:050:253.
01:512:260 American Slavery (3) Examines the institution of slavery from 1619 through the Civil War. Considers how slavery changed over time and how it was experienced in different regions.
01:512:262 African-American History to 1877 (3) African-American history from origins in Atlantic Africa to the end of the Civil War. Focal points include the Atlantic African background, the Atlantic slave trade, Antebellum slavery, slave culture, and the Civil War. Explores forces which have converged to create African-American peoples and shape their lives, communities, and cultures in early North America.
01:512:263 African-American History, 1877 to Present (3) African-American history from defeat of Reconstruction to present. Topics covered include the post-Reconstruction period, Jim Crow, urbanization, and migration, as well as African-Americans' experiences with education, housing, and justice in the U.S. legal system. Examines key social justice movements such as the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power.
01:512:264 Black Lives Matter (3) Explores the development of the #BlackLivesMatter movement beginning with the colonial era and ending with the contemporary moment. Credit not given for this course and 01:014:264.
01:512:266 History of the Black American (3) Survey of the history of the black American from the colonial era to the present. Includes such topics as slavery, the Reconstruction era, the Washington-DuBois controversy, the Harlem Renaissance, and the Civil Rights movement.
01:512:267 History of Black Travel and Migration (3) Examines the various travels taken by African Americans. From the forced migration of African peoples in the transatlantic slave trade to contemporary heritage tours to Africa, this class explores the meaning of travel for African Americans.
01:512:268 Plantation to White House (3) Exploration of the history of blackness in America, from colonial times to the present, with key questions focusing on slavery, citizenship, gender, and racial identity.
01:512:278 Popular Music in American History (3)   Popular music examined within the broader social and cultural context of America's past. Significant historical changes in musical expression.
01:512:280 News Media and Government in American History (3) Examines relationship between media and institutions, and the processes through which people and societies make political choices. Credit not given for both this course and 04:567:278.
01:512:282 Sport in History (3) Role of sport in ancient and preindustrial societies; modernization of sport following the Industrial Revolution; social functions and aesthetics of sport; women in sport; sport in contemporary society.
01:512:291,292 Topics in History (3,3) Study of special topics in American history at the intermediate level.
01:512:300 History of Colonial America (3) From the Age of Discovery through the American Revolution, with particular emphasis on political, economic, and social history.
01:512:301 The American Revolution (3) Coming of the American Revolution seen in its world setting; various interpretations of the causes: ideological, constitutional, social, economic, political, diplomatic, and military perspectives.
01:512:302 The United States: The Young Republic (3) Examination of the principal political, economic, and social forces that were responsible for the development of the new nation.
01:512:303 American Civil War and Reconstruction, 1848-1880 (3) Analysis of major forces 1848 to 1880. Emphasis on the more immediate background to the war; how the war began; how it was fought; and why Reconstruction developed and collapsed.
01:512:304 The Forging of Modern America, 1880-1920 (3) Political reform movements against the background of industrial development, urbanization, and immigration in the United States from 1880 to 1920.
01:512:305 U.S. History, 1914-1945 (3) U.S. history from World War I through World War II, emphasizing major themes in U.S. politics, society, culture, and diplomacy.
01:512:306 U.S. History, 1945 to the Present (3) U.S. history emphasizing the cold war, McCarthyism, and the major political, social, and economic trends of the 1960s and 1970s.
01:512:308 History and Asylum Law in the United Stats (3) Advanced research seminar and practicum; explores the history of asylum in the United States; shows how historical research can be applied to the practice of asylum law.
01:512:310 New Jersey History (3) New Jersey from its proprietorial beginnings to the present. Emphasis on those factors that have been most influential in determining the character of the state today.
01:512:311 History of American Education (3) A historical survey of American education from the colonial period to the present. Topics considered will include the following: 1) colonial American education; 2) the origins of common schools; 3) the development of a public school system; and 4) 20th- and 21st-century educational reform. Credit not given for both this course and 05:300:364.
01:512:313 Childhood in America (3) Introduction to childhood as a subject of historical inquiry, exploring both childhood as a cultural expression and children as historical subjects over the course of 400 years of American experience in psychological, religious, social, educational, economic, and political terms.
01:512:314 The City in American History (3) Urbanization from the colonial city to the 20th-century metropolis; urban population, institutions, problems, and planning; urbanism in American culture.
01:512:315 Famous Trials in Modern America (3) Civil liberties and civil rights trials in 20th-century America: Abrams, Sacco and Vanzetti, Scopes, Scottsboro, Rosenbergs, Hiss, Roe v. Wade.
01:512:316 Radicalism in America (3) Ideas of the outstanding radicals in American history (18th century to the present), the areas of discontent, and an analysis of the response of the American community.
01:512:317 Murder in American History (3) Famous murders (and other capital crimes) illustrating major cultural and political trends in American life. May include Salem witchcraft, the Boston Massacre, Sacco and Vanzetti, Lindbergh, Leopold and Loeb, and Emmett Till.
01:512:318 History of Political Corruption and Reform in America (3) The long history of political corruption in America, and the reform movements designed to combat corruption. From colonial America to the present.
01:512:319 Nineteenth-Century Architecture and Society in the United States (3) Overview of the social and intellectual history of architecture in the United States to 1900. Role of architecture in societal transformations (the development of nationhood, industrialization, and urbanization). Emphasis on the invention of new building types, including universities, government buildings, prisons, hospitals, railroad stations, and the architecture of World's Fairs. Credit not given for both this course and 01:082:391.
01:512:320 American Frontier History (3) Mythology, theory, and reality of the frontier in American social, cultural, and environmental development from discovery to the present.
01:512:321 Health Care and Society in America (3) History of disease in America from the age of smallpox and scarlet fever to the era of AIDS; and history of health and health care from the colonial era to present.
01:512:322 Drugs: A Social History (3) History of drug use in modern America, drugs in the underground and informal economy, drug epidemics, and government response in the United States after World War II.
01:512:323,324 History of the North American Environment (3,3) Comparative study of the interplay of culture, society, and environment in Canadian, U.S., and Mexican history.
01:512:328 Science in American Culture (3) Place of science in U.S. history. Science and exploration, war, the economy, and social problems; growth of research and educational institutions; popular science and antiscience.
01:512:329 Technology and Nature in American History (3) Historical exploration of the shaping of American history by technological and natural forces. From colonial America to the 21st century; from Walden Pond to Yosemite National Park, an exploration of land-use patterns, transportation networks, suburbanization, ideas about wilderness, environmental politics, and other topics.
01:512:332 American Economic Growth since 1860 (3) Main currents and major factors in American economic growth, welfare, and decision making, 1860 to the present. Critical evaluation and interpretation of economic issues.
01:512:335 History on Film (3) Examination of films that interpret the American past and engage major historical issues.
01:512:347 War, Peace, and the Military of the United States to 1877 (3) Survey of American attitudes toward and developments in regard to war, peace, and the military from colonial times through the Civil War and the end of Reconstruction.
01:512:348 War, Peace, and the Military of the United States since 1877 (3) Survey of American attitudes toward and developments in regard to war, peace, and the military from modernization of the army and navy beginning in the late 19th century through the Spanish-American War, two world wars, the Korean and Vietnam wars, to the present military situation.
01:512:350 From Colonies to Empire: American Foreign Relations to 1898 (3) American foreign relations from the colonists' conflicts with Native Americans to the Spanish-American War. Territorial expansion, diplomatic principles, economic expansion, and rise of the "New Empire."
01:512:351 Mexican-American History (3) Examination of major themes in Mexican American/Chicano history since the 19th century. Topics include Spanish empire, Anglo-American conquest, racial hierarchies, labor migration, politics, popular culture, gender, sexuality, and social movements. Credit not given for both this course and 01:595:351.
01:512:352 U.S. Foreign Relations since 1898 (3) American foreign relations from the Spanish-American War to the end of the cold war: Imperialism, Wilsonian interventionism, World War II, cold war, and détente.
01:512:354 America, Russia, and the Cold War (3) Examines the shift from friendship to antipathy between Russia and America in the late 19th century and early 20th century; the roots of Soviet-American ideological rivalry; superpower competition and global conflicts after 1945; détente; the ending of the Cold War; and the question of a "new Cold War" in the 21st century.
01:512:355 America's Rise to Global Power (3) Technology as the key source of U.S. identity and projection of power and culture overseas. Focus on the interaction of United States and Asian and African societies.
01:512:356 The Thirty Years' War: America in Vietnam (3) Examination of the causes and effects of the war in Vietnam with special emphasis on the United States and its role.
01:512:359 Race, Culture, and Politics: Blacks and Jews in America (3) How black and Jewish identities have evolved in relationship to one another through an examination of social and political history, literature, and film. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:359 or 01:014:359 or 01:050:339. 
01:512:360 Latino History (3) History of people of Latin American and Hispanic Caribbean descent in the United States over the last two centuries. Experiences of exile, labor migrants, refugees, and colonial subjects.  Formation of communities, political and labor struggles, and racial/ethnic identities.
Special Notation: Not open to first-year students. Credit not given for both this course and 01:595:369.
01:512:361 History of the South (3) Development of southern society from the settlements of Virginia to the present. Aspects of life in the South that distinguish this region from others in the United States.
01:512:362 Black Family in American History (3) Defines and interprets the black family at different points in American history. Also explores such contemporary topics as the rise of the "underclass" black family, and the tendency toward "singleness" in black America.
01:512:363 African-American Women's History (3) Examines the diversity of African-American women's lives and the development of women, work, and culture from the colonial era through the late 20th century.
01:512:364 History of Blacks in Urban America (3) Explores aspects of black urban life from the early years of the nation to the present. Migration. Examination of contemporary black urban America.
01:512:365 African-American History Since 1945 (3) Social history, politics, and culture of African-American life in the United States from 1945 to the present.
01:512:366 History of Race and Sex in America (3) Examines how race and gender have independently and jointly determined life chances throughout American history. Credit not given for both this course and 01:014:366 and 01:988:329.
01:512:368 History of Civil Rights, 1900-1980 (3) Politico-economic, demographic, cultural, and legal forces generating and shaping the struggle for racial justice in the United States from the beginning of the 20th century.
01:512:370 History of American Thought to 1850 (3) Principal ideas about humanity, God, nature, and society in American history from Puritan America to 1850.
01:512:372 History of American Thought since 1850 (3) Principal ideas about humanity, God, nature, and society in American history from 1850 to present.
01:512:373 African Americans in a Revolutionary World, 1910-1940 (3) History of black migration to the urban South and North, Harlem Renaissance and the New Negro movement, the entrance of black people into industrial employment, the establishment of black urban communities, the development of black political activism and artistic production, pan-Africanism and the connection of black activists to global networks of activists and intellectuals in the Caribbean and Europe.
01:512:374 Cultural History of the United States: 20th Century (3) Nature of American culture by study of folk, popular, and elite cultural products, verbal and nonverbal, in a world of mass production and consumption.
01:512:375 Gay and Lesbian History in the United States (3) Introduction to gay and lesbian history in the United States; explores same-sex desire, queer identities, community formation, and social movements from the colonial period to present.  Particular emphasis on queer history's place in the larger context of U.S. political, social, and cultural movements in history.
01:512:376 American Culture in the 1950s (3) Survey of major cultural and political developments of the 1950s. Growth of advertising, consumerism, television, popular music, the "Ike Age," and McCarthy; perceptions of race and sex.
01:512:377 The 1960s (3) Examines the political culture of the 1960s, centering on conflicts between the forces of order, consensus, and containment, and the social forces of protest, resistance, and liberation.
01:512:379 African-American History, 1877 to Present (3) African-American history from defeat of Reconstruction to present.
01:512:380 Women in American History I (3) Changing status of women from settlement to Reconstruction, including the study of work, family, religion, sexuality, organizations, and feminism. Credit not given for both this course and 01:988:380.
01:512:381 Women in American History II (3) Changing status of women from Reconstruction to the present, including the study of work, family, religion, sexuality, organizations, and feminism. Credit not given for both this course and 01:988:390.
01:512:383 Women's Rights in America, 1800-1930 (3) Explores women's rights movements in the United States from 1800-1930 in the context of larger developments in the Atlantic World. Movements studied include abolition of slavery, legal rights, labor organizing, peace, suffrage, and sex radicalism.
01:512:385 Women Behaving Badly (3) History of women behaving badly in the late 19th- and early 20th-century United States. Examines histories of women criminals as well as experiences of women who transgressed racial, gendered, and sexual boundaries. Analysis of crime and female sexual deviance as well as efforts to curtail and reform disorderly women. Emphasis on social constructions of morality, delinquency, and womanhood.
01:512:391,392 Historical Studies (3,3) Separate sections focusing on different topics at different times and in different areas. Specific titles available at time of registration.
01:512:395 The Electronic Century: Technology and Popular Culture Description (3) Shaping of American social and cultural life in the 20th century by electrical, electronic, communications, and computer technologies.
01:512:400 History of American Politics (3) Conduct of politics in the United States, including the origin and development of political parties, characteristic forms of political behavior, and relationship of parties to democratic government.
01:512:402 American Constitutional History to 1865 (3) Study of the origins of the American Constitutional system: American Revolution; Constitutional Convention of 1787; Bill of Rights; Marshall and Taney courts; slavery, racism, and the Civil War.
01:512:404 American Constitutional History from 1865 (3) Supreme Court's role in interpreting the Constitution from the Civil War and Reconstruction (and passage of the 14th Amendment) to the present. Regulation of the economy and the "right to work"; free speech in war and peace; the New Deal; the due process "revolution"; abortion; affirmative action; and freedom of and from religion.
01:512:432 History of Business in America (3) Historical view of the growth and change of business institutions in the United States from the colonial era to the present.
01:512:434 History of Labor Movement (3) Impact of industrialization on the workforce of the United States. Economic pressures, technological developments, and ethnic subcultures as related to the social history of the working class.
01:512:438 Oral History Fieldwork (3) Problems, theories, and methods of conducting field interviews and transcribing, editing, and analyzing oral sources. Students document New Jersey families; ethnic communities; and labor, business, religious, and political groups.
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