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Programs of Study and Courses for Liberal Arts and Sciences Students
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Course Notation Information
Accounting 010
African Area Studies 016
African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures 013
Africana Studies 014
Agriculture and Food Systems 020
American History 512
American Literature
American Studies 050
Animal Science 067
Anthropology 070
Archaeology 075
Architectural Studies 076
Armenian 078
Art 080
Art History 082
Arts and Sciences 090
Asian Studies 098
Astrobiology 101
Astrophysics 105
Biological Sciences
Biomedical Sciences
Biotechnology 126
Business Analytics and Information Technolgy 136
Business Law 140
Cell Biology
Chemistry 160
Chinese 165
Cinema Studies 175
Cognitive Science 185
Communication 192
Community Development
Comparative Literature 195
Computer Science 198
Criminal Justice 202
Criminology 204
Dance 203
Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources 216
Economics 220
Education 300
Entomology 370
Environmental and Business Economics 373
Environmental Certificates
Environmental Planning 573
Environmental Policy, Institutions, and Behavior 374
Environmental Sciences 375
Environmental Studies 381
European Studies 360
Exercise Science 377
Film Studies
Finance 390
Food Science 400
French 420
Gender and Media 438
Geography 450
Geological Sciences 460
German 470
Greek 490
Greek, Modern Greek Studies 489
Health Administration 501
Health and Society 502
Learning Goals
Major Requirements
Minor Programs and Requirements
Certificate Programs and Requirements
Teacher Certification
Departmental Honors Program
General/Comparative History Courses (506)
African, Asian, and Latin American History Courses (508)
European History Courses (510)
American History Courses (512)
History/French Joint Major 513
History/Political Science Joint Major 514
Holocaust Studies 564
Human Resource Management 533
Hungarian 535
Individualized Major 555
Information Technology and Informatics 547
Interdisciplinary Studies, SAS 556
International and Global Studies 558
Italian 560
Japanese 565
Jewish Studies 563
Journalism and Media Studies 567
Junior Year Abroad
Korean 574
Labor Studies and Employment Relations 575
Landscape Architecture 550
Latin 580
Latin American Studies 590
Latino and Caribbean Studies 595
Leadership and Management 605
Life Sciences
Linguistics 615
Management and Global Business 620
Marine Sciences 628
Marketing 630
Mathematics 640
Medicine and Dentistry
Medieval Studies 667
Meteorology 670
Microbiology 680
Middle Eastern Studies 685
Military Education, Air Force 690
Military Education, Army 691
Military Education, Naval 692
Military Science Minor (Military Science 691N, Naval Science 692N, Aerospace Science 693N, Non-Commissioning 695N)
Molecular Biology
Nutritional Sciences 709
Operations Research 711
Organizational Leadership 713
Philosophy 730
Physics 750
Physiology and Neurobiology
Planning and Public Policy 762
Plant Biology 776
Polish 787
Political Science 790
Portuguese 810
Psychology 830
Public Health 832
Public Policy 833
Religion 840
Russian 860
Sexualities Studies 888
Social Justice 904
Social Work 910
Sociology 920
South Asian Studies 925
Spanish 940
Sport Management 955
Statistics 960
Study Abroad 959
Supply Chain Management 799
Theater 965
Ukrainian 967
Urban Planning and Design 971
Urban Studies
Visual Arts
Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies 988
World Language Proficiency Certificates
School of Arts and Sciences
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences
Mason Gross School of the Arts
Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy
Rutgers Business School: Undergraduate-New Brunswick
School of Communication and Information
School of Engineering
Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
School of Management and Labor Relations
Honors College of Rutgers University-New Brunswick
General Information
Divisions of the University
Camden Newark New Brunswick/Piscataway
New Brunswick Undergraduate Catalog 2020-2022 Programs of Study and Courses for Liberal Arts and Sciences Students Programs, Faculty, and Courses History European History Courses (510)  

European History Courses (510)

01:510:101 Ancient and Medieval Europe (3) Introductory survey of European history from ancient times to the early modern period. Introduction to historical interpretation and historical inquiry.
01:510:102 Europe in the Global Age (3) Introductory survey of European history from the early modern period to the present. Introduction to historical interpretation and historical inquiry.
01:510:191,192 Topics in History (3,3) Study of special topics in European history at the introductory level.
01:510:201 Ancient Greece (3) Civilization of the eastern Mediterranean world in ancient times, with emphasis on the origins of Western civilization and the Greek contribution to Western culture. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:201.
01:510:202 Ancient Rome (3) The Roman Republic and the Empire, with emphasis on the rise and decline of a Mediterranean world civilization under Roman leadership. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:209.
01:510:205 History of the Byzantine Empire (3) Survey of political, military, religious, and socioeconomic development of the eastern Roman Empire, centered at Constantinople, from late third century to Ottoman conquest in 1453. Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:205 or 01:685:205.
01:510:207 Byzantine Civilization (3) History of Byzantine culture and civilization, including political ideology and statecraft, orthodox Christianity, transmitting classical traditions of science and literature, art and architecture, and laying foundations of modern Greek culture. Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:207 or 01:685:207.
01:510:209 Emergence of Medieval Europe, 400-1150 (3) Europe from the fall of Rome through the Dark Ages and into the feudal age--the era of Charlemagne, the Vikings, and the Crusades. Credit not given for both this course and 01:667:281.
01:510:211 Harvest of the Middle Ages, 1150-1520 (3) From feudalism to the Protestant Reformation, with emphasis on social and economic developments. Religious, political, institutional, and cultural changes. Credit not given for both this course and 01:667:282.
01:510:213 The Crusades (3) Ideology and expressions of the crusades, 11th to 14th centuries, including crusades against Muslims, heretics, and other papal enemies. Extensive use of film. Credit not given for both this course and 01:685:213.
01:510:217 From Byzantium to the Ottomans: 1204-1460 (3) Development of Byzantine society and culture from the Latin crisis (1204-1261) through the Ottoman conquest (1453), including the Byzantine impact on West European, Slavic, and Ottoman cultures. Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:217 and 01:685:217.
01:510:224 Europe: Gender, Sex, and Society (3) Explores the varieties of gendered experience in Europe from the Enlightenment to the 20th century, including the relationship between gender, class, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.   Course material will emphasize interdisciplinary and comparative approaches.
01:510:231 A History of the Britannic Isles: From the Beginnings to the 18th Century (3) Explores the histories of the Britannic Isles--modern England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales--from the beginnings until the Act of Union of 1707; emphasis on history of migration, invasion, and cultural exchange.
01:510:245 The Arts of Power: Ritual, Myth, and Propaganda (3) Investigates how paintings, movies, poems, and ceremonies have been manipulated to bolster the political authority of rulers, including Louis XIV, Lincoln, Hitler, and Elizabeth II.
01:510:253 History of Witchcraft and Magic (3) Witchcraft in relation to the history of religion; the phenomena of crime, deviance, and demographic change; and the history of women in Europe and America.  
01:510:255 Dracula: Facts and Fictions (3) History of Dracula in context of early modern Balkan and Ottoman political and military history. Historical and literary legacies of Dracula from the 15th century to the late 19th century.
01:510:260 Remembering the Shtetl (3) How Jewish life in eastern European small towns has been documented and recalled from 19th century to present in fiction, art, ethnography, film, and memoir. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:260.
01:510:261 History of the Holocaust (3) Development of anti-Semitism in modern European history culminating in the "Final Solution"; special emphasis on Jewish responses and resistance. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:261.
01:510:263 Between Nazism and Communism (3) Explores the experiences of Poles and Polish Jews under Nazi and Communist rule through history, travel writing, memoir, poetry, and film. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:270.
01:510:265 Jewish-Christian Relations through the Ages (3) Jewish-Christian relations from the first century CE to the start of the 21st century. Focuses both on the history of interactions between Jews and Christians--persecutions, collaborations, conversions, etc.--and the history of theological stances and popular attitudes. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:240. 
01:510:268 Fascism (3) Examines connections between alt-right, white power, and neo-Nazi groups today to the historical fascist movements and regimes of the 1930s and 1940s. Historical perspective on what fascism is, what fascists believe, and they want to do. Considers the historical conditions that have produced fascism, the legacies of the fascist movements of the 1930s for our own time, and the relevance of fascism's history to the challenges of the present day.
01:510:269 Antisemitism (3) History of negative attitudes toward Jews and Judaism from the ancient and medieval world to modern Europe, the United States, and the Middle East. Explores continuities and turning points in the history of antisemitism as well as the significance of antisemitism as an analytic category. Focus on contemporary discourses and media representations of antisemitism in light of their historical precedents and resonances. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:269.
01:510:271 Russia and the West (3) Formation of traditional Russian society in isolation from the West; the impact of the West on Russia from Peter the Great to the present.
01:510:291,292 Topics in History (3,3) Study of special topics in European history at the intermediate level.
01:510:300 Greek and Roman Slavery (3) Social, economic, legal, and political aspects of slavery in Ancient Greece and Rome. The sources and numbers of slaves, forms of servitude, manumission, and slave labor. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:300.
01:510:301 Early Greece (3) History of the Greek world from Minoan Crete through the Persian War. Readings (in translation) range from Homer through Herodotus.
01:510:302 Classical Greece (3) Greek history from the Persian War to the Macedonian conquest of Greece. Readings (in translation) from Thucydides, Xenophon, Demosthenes, Plutarch, and others.
01:510:303 Hellenistic World (3) Expansion and development of Greek culture from Alexander through the successor kingdoms in Greece, Egypt, Syria-Palestine, and Asia Minor. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:303.
01:510:304 The Rise of the Roman Republic (3) Roman political, social, and cultural history from the beginning of urban settlement through the emergence of the Roman state as the dominant power in the Mediterranean basin to the end of the second century BC.
01:510:305 The Crisis of the Roman Republic (3) Roman political, social, and cultural history during the crisis of the late republic from 133 BC, the tribunate of Tiberius Gracchus, through the establishment of the principate by the Emperor Augustus. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:305.
01:510:306 Roman Empire (3) Political, social, and intellectual developments of the imperial period until the age of Constantine, with emphasis on the first two centuries AD. (Formerly 01:510:305) Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:306.
01:510:307 The Roman World in Late Antiquity (3) Development of the Roman state and society from the late third through early seventh centuries. The transformation of the late classical world, and the origins of Byzantium and the medieval West. (Formerly 01:510:306)
01:510:308 Creating Culture and History in the Ancient World (3) Aspects of cultural, religious, and intellectual developments in the classical world. (Formerly 01:510:307)
01:510:309 A History of Western Morals: Antiquity and Middle Ages (3) Examines the formative period of moral ideas in Western civilization in ancient Greek, Roman, and Hebrew societies, then traces the evolution of those ideas through the Middle Ages.
01:510:310 Pompeii: The Life and Death of a Roman Town (3) Pompeii and Herculaneum, as laboratories for the study of Roman life: the economy and society; public and private architecture, art, and inscriptions; and the birth of archaeology. Prerequisites: One course in Roman history or culture, Latin or ancient art, or permission of instructor. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:373. 
01:510:311 Cities of the Classical World (3) Study of urban development in antiquity, focusing on Athens and Rome, and synthesizing the evidence of literary, historical, and archaeological sources. Credit not given for both this course and  01:190:372.    
01:510:312 Cleopatra (3) Examines the historical Cleopatra and the reception of her image from antiquity to the present in literature, art, and film. Issues considered include female power in a man's world, east versus west, and politics and propaganda. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:318.
01:510:313 Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Medieval Spain (3) History of medieval Spain with a focus on cultural, religious, and political diversity. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:307.
01:510:314 Jews, Heretics, and the Inquisition (3) Survey of the Medieval, Spanish, and Roman inquisitions focusing on these institutions' attitudes toward--and treatment of--heretics, Jews, and conversos. Examines how these inquisitions operated and their legal precedents as well as their relations to the social, political, and religious tensions of their day, in the context of broader historical questions about forms of intolerance and modes of persecution. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:314.
01:510:315 Reform and Dissent in the Middle Ages (3) Christian unity and its implementation, church structure, canon law, monastic reform, conciliar movement, academic and popular heresy, and church-state relations, with emphasis on Italy and Germany. Integrated, interdisciplinary study of the age of the Renaissance in Italy and northern Europe from 1300 to 1550. (Formerly 01:510:417)
01:510:316 Food and Drink in Medieval Europe (3) Food history at the crossroads of environmental, economic, agricultural, dietary, social, gender, ethnic, everyday life, religious, and political-diplomatic investigations. Examination of these themes within the millennial trajectory of medieval Europe and the Mediterranean from ca. 450 CE to ca. 1450 CE.
01:510:317 The Renaissance (3) Integrated, interdisciplinary study of the age of the Renaissance in Italy and northern Europe from 1300 to 1550.
01:510:318 Era of World War I (3) Causes, course, and consequences of World War I in the light of political, social, and military forces.
(Formerly 01:510:417)
01:510:319 The Age of Reformation, 1500-1648 (3) The Protestant and Catholic reformations and their significance for European society.
01:510:320 Women in Antiquity (3) Women in the ancient societies of Greece and Rome. Their roles and images in the social, legal, political, domestic, philosophical, and artistic spheres examined using primary sources. (Formerly 01:510:251). Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:320.
01:510:321 The Age of Enlightenment (3) Eighteenth-century European philosophy and philosophers examined within their historical contexts. The role of ideas in movements for social, moral, and political change.
01:510:325 Nineteenth-Century Europe (3) Examination of the formative period of modern Europe, including the industrial and democratic revolutions, nationalism, imperialism, and the crises culminating in World War I.
01:510:327 Twentieth-Century Europe (3) Major economic and social forces shaping life in 20th-century Europe, and efforts of major social groups to cope with and shape these forces.
01:510:329 World War II in Europe (3) Exploration of causes, events, and consequences of WW II in Europe. Focus on political, military, economic, social, and cultural history dimensions.
01:510:333 France, Old Regime, and Revolution (3) French history from Louis XIV to the fall of Napoleon. The absolutist state and the impact of revolution, stressing the interplay of political, social, cultural, and economic history.
01:510:335 Modern France (3) History of France from the fall of Napoleon to the present, with particular emphasis on the relation of political developments to social, intellectual, and economic change.
01:510:337 Medieval Kings and Queens (3) Rulership in theory and practice, from Germanic chieftains to divine-right monarchs, with attention to royal rivals, myths and rituals, marriage, and gender.
01:510:338 England in the Middle Ages (3) Political development of England from William the Conqueror to the War of the Roses.
01:510:340 British Atlantic World (3) Explores the forms of knowledge and networks of communication that shaped British colonization in the early modern Atlantic. Themes include early contact with Native Americans; commerce, piracy, and slavery; political communications and the American Revolution; and the campaign to abolish the slave trade.
01:510:343 A Century of Revolution: Politics and Culture in England 1588-1720 (3) Explores the tumultuous political history of England during the "long seventeenth century," focusing on the long-term origins and consequences of the revolutions of 1640-60 and 1688-89, the impact of religion on politics, and the operations and transformations of monarchical and popular political culture.
01:510:344 The Social History of England, 1580-1780: The First Modern Society? (3) Explores the socioeconomic and cultural history of early modern England. Topics include popular culture; religion; sex and gender; urbanization; and the rise of consumerism, industrialism, and capitalism.
01:510:345 English Constitutional History to 1688 (3) Developments of English governments to 1688, with emphasis on those institutions and political and legal ideas that form the background for American constitutional development.
01:510:346 The English Revolution, 1640-1660 (3) Explores the most tumultuous period in English history. Topics include causes and revolution, the Civil War, regicide and republicanism, radical politics and religion, and Oliver Cromwell.
01:510:347 The British Empire and the British Isles, 1485-1763 (3) History of British overseas enterprise from opening phases of Atlantic exploration through the end of the Seven Years' War. Special attention to impact of empire on British Isles.
01:510:348 Great Britain, 1685-1815 (3) Explores Great Britain's rise to dominant global power. Focuses on internal developments as well as colonial experiences.
01:510:349 Modern Britain (3) Developments since the 18th century that have shaped the character of contemporary Britain, including parliamentary democracy, industrialization, rise and fall of empire, and cultural change.
01:510:350 Greek Society (3) Social and economic life of the Greeks from the Mycenaean period through the Hellenistic age. Written and material evidence employed. Prerequisite: Recommended: 01:510:201. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:350.
01:510:351 Medieval Italy, 476-1300 (3) The Italian peninsula from the fall of the empire in the west to the age of the communes; social, political, and religious history.
01:510:354 History of Italy's People (3) Topical approach. Etruscans to present. Emphasis on culture, geography, religion, philosophy, family structures, agricultural systems, urban development, and universities.
01:510:357 Medieval Germany (3) Survey of German history from the late Roman Empire to the threshold of the Reformation, ca 300 to ca 1500.
01:510:360 Society and Culture in Germany 1750-1870 (3) Introduction to the classical period of German culture, including study of Kant, Fichte, Lessing, Goethe, and Shiller in historical context.
01:510:363 Germany from 1871 to Present (3) Analysis of the collapse of imperial Germany, the failure of democracy in the Weimar Republic, Hitler's Third Reich, the Holocaust, and restructuring of Germany since 1945.
01:510:368 Jews of Germany and Austria-Hungary, 1780-Present (3) Jewish history in modern Central Europe. Focus on Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic and Slovakia) from the late 1700s until the present day. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:368.
01:510:370 Remembering the Holocaust (3) Holocaust remembrance in contemporary social and cultural practices in the United States and globally considered as a paradigm for deriving lessons from the past in order to respond to traumatic losses, address present social injustices, and prevent future acts of intolerance. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:360 and 01:470:369.
01:510:372 Armenian Genocide in Comparative Perspective (3) Overview of the Armenian Genocide in comparative perspective, drawing from a wide spectrum of cases of mass violence and genocide, the development of the concept of genocide in International Law, genocide denial, responsibility to protect, reparations, and reconciliation; organization and implementation of the genocide, humanitarian and armed resistance to it, and the aftermath of genocide.
01:510:373 State and Society in Imperial Russia (3) Autocratic government as a dynamic force in the 18th century and a conservative one in the 19th century in the face of intellectual and socioeconomic development.
01:510:375 Revolutionary Russia and the Soviet Union (3) Crisis of the old regime; revolution; building socialism in an underdeveloped country; Stalin's terror; expansion and the Cold War; the post-Stalin attempts at reform; and the breakup of the Soviet Union.
01:510:377 Russia in War and Peace (3) History of Russia from the war against Japan in 1904 to post-Soviet wars in Chechnya.  Focus on how international conflicts affected Russian politics, culture, and society: Revolution of 1905, turmoil in First World War, revolutions of 1917, Russian Civil War, "socialism in one country," mythology of Great Patriotic War, xenophobia in Cold War, war in Afghanistan, and collapse of communism.
01:510:378 Jews and Revolution (3) Jewish experience in modern Russia, with special focus on the involvement of Jews in the Russian Revolution and socialism and nationalism during the Soviet Union, and the challenges to Russian-Jewish relations in the post-Soviet era.
01:510:379 St. Petersburg (3) Intensive study of the historical development of St. Petersburg and its role in Russian and European history. Variable topics; specific topics will be available at time of registration. No knowledge of Russian required. Offered only as part of summer program in St. Petersburg.
01:510:381 Eastern Europe, 1800-1948 (3) Emergence of national movements and independent states in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, and Bulgaria. Problem of national minorities in nation-states, and solutions offered by nationalist, fascist, and communist regimes.
01:510:382 History of Modern Greece (3) Greek experience under Ottoman rule; revolution and independence; development of national state and society 1830s to present. Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:382 or 01:685:382.
01:510:383 Eastern Europe, 1945-Present (3) Impact of communism and neoliberalism on Eastern Europe. Collapse of the Soviet Bloc, transition to liberal market capitalism, and its social consequences.
01:510:384 Cyprus: A Global History (3) History of Cyprus from the 16th to the 21st century. Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:381 or 01:685:384.
01:510:385 The History of East European Jewry (3) Economic, legal, and political conditions of Jewish life from the 16th century to World War II. Forms of Jewish response: autonomism, messianism, Hasidism, emigration, and socialism. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:385.
01:510:386 History of Zionism (3) Messianism, forerunners of Zionism; ideology of Zionism; pioneer movements; the Yishuv and its institutions. The state of Israel: its structure and inner and outer life. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:343 or 01:685:343.
01:510:389 Jewish Politics, Jewish Power (3) Political relationship of the Jewish community to the Gentile authorities among whom they lived, from Rome in 70 CE to the contemporary period. Continuities and discontinuities of traditional conceptions of Jewish political behavior; rebellion and accommodation to structures of power in varying historical contexts. Prerequisite: At least one course in Jewish or European history after 1500. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:389 and 01:790:384.
01:510:390 Jewish Memory (3) Course explores various forms of Jewish memory shaped in response to major events, including myths, holidays, monuments, pilgrimages, testimonies, museums, literature, and film. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:390.
01:510:391,392 Historical Studies (3,3) Separate sections focusing on different topics at different times and in different areas. Specific titles available at time of registration.
01:510:393 Jewish Historical Fiction (1.5) Explores a variety of Jewish historical novels and their relationship to the historical periods they purport to represent, from late antiquity to the modern period. Special emphasis is given to comparing works of history with works of fiction. Topics include: Second Temple sectarianism, medieval Jewish marriage law and customs, mysticism, sabbatianism, and revolution in the Soviet Union. Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:336.
01:510:394 Human Rights (3) Examines the history of human rights as a set of ideas and as a motivation for social action. Special emphasis on the role of human rights in Europe, but includes comparisons with rights-based activism in other parts of the world.
01:510:401 The Idea of Europe: 18th Century to the Present (3) Exploration of the concepts "Europe" and "Europeans" from 1700 to the present. Prerequisite: 01:510:101-102 or permission of instructor. Credit not given for both this course and 01:360:401.
01:510:403 Ancient Warfare and Diplomacy (3) International politics and military history in the Greek and Roman world. Readings include ancient sources (in translation) and modern interpretations.
01:510:407 Rome in the Age of Augustus (3) Examination of the career of Augustus and the developments in the Roman world during this period. Treatment of the problems of change and continuity through revival and innovation in political, social, and intellectual spheres, with emphases on growth of imperial system and on the literary works and social legislation.
01:510:419 Europe in the Contemporary World (3) Europe from 1930s to present, focusing on European responses to challenges of American power, Soviet revolution, and anticolonial movements.
01:510:425 Intellectual History of Early Modern Europe (3) Study of major currents of thought (religious, scientific, political, and social) from the end of the Middle Ages to the 18th century.
01:510:441 The Social History of Medieval England (3) Concentrates on the interaction between individual and society in medieval England with special emphasis on the life experiences of the common people.
01:510:484 Russia after Stalin: Literature, History, Theory (3) Recent past of Russian culture and politics. Study of how the Stalinist past influenced late Soviet Russian culture, contributed to the collapse of the USSR, and shaped post-Soviet Russia through examination of powerful fiction texts and films that defined the post-Stalin era, from 1950s onward, as well as nonfiction and theoretical texts on Stalinism and its aftermath. Taught in English. Credit not given for both this course and 01:86:484 and 01:195:484.
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