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Undergraduate-New Brunswick
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Accounting 010
African Area Studies 016
African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures 013
Africana Studies 014
Agriculture and Food Systems 020
American History 512
American Literature
American Studies 050
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Anthropology 070
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Cognitive Science 185
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Community Development
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Computer Science 198
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Dance 203
Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources 216
Economics 220
Education 300
Entomology 370
Environmental and Business Economics 373
Environmental Certificates
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Finance 390
Food Science 400
French 420
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Geography 450
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Individualized Major 555
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Italian 560
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Junior Year Abroad
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Landscape Architecture 550
Latin 580
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Latino and Caribbean Studies 595
Leadership and Management 605
Life Sciences
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Management and Global Business 620
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Military Education, Air Force 690
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Molecular Biology
Nutritional Sciences 709
Operations Research 711
Organizational Leadership 713
Philosophy 730
Learning Goals
Major Requirements
Minor in Philosophy Requirements
Minor in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics
Departmental Honors
Minor in Medical Ethics and Health Policy
Physics 750
Physiology and Neurobiology
Planning and Public Policy 762
Plant Biology 776
Polish 787
Political Science 790
Portuguese 810
Psychology 830
Public Health 832
Public Policy 833
Religion 840
Russian 860
Sexualities Studies 888
Social Justice 904
Social Work 910
Sociology 920
South Asian Studies 925
Spanish 940
Sport Management 955
Statistics 960
Study Abroad 959
Supply Chain Management 799
Theater 965
Ukrainian 967
Urban Planning and Design 971
Urban Studies
Visual Arts
Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies 988
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Mason Gross School of the Arts
Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy
Rutgers Business School: Undergraduate-New Brunswick
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Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
School of Management and Labor Relations
Honors College of Rutgers University-New Brunswick
General Information
Divisions of the University
Camden Newark New Brunswick/Piscataway
New Brunswick Undergraduate Catalog 2022-2024 Programs of Study and Courses for Liberal Arts and Sciences Students Programs, Faculty, and Courses Philosophy 730 Minor in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics  

Minor in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics

The minor in philosophy, politics, and economics (PPE) is designed to engage students with the practical problems of organizing and running human society. The minor stands at the confluence of three major fields of study--philosophy, political science, and economics--and combines elements of these into a coherent framework in which to address questions about the nature of citizenship and the role individuals can and must play in making critical decisions facing society.

Students pursuing the PPE minor are expected to develop the ability to read and listen critically, to reason analytically concerning questions of public policy (especially economic policy), to engage in thoughtful moral judgment, and to write and speak clearly. The minor combines the best of the three participating fields: confronting the ethical issues of philosophy, the policy questions of political science, and the quantitative analytical problems of economics.

Generally, students taking the PPE minor will be majoring in one of the three included disciplines: philosophy, political science, or economics, and the courses that can be used toward the PPE minor taken in the student's major department may be used for both the major and the PPE minor. In other words, while the minor requires nine courses (27 credits), students majoring in philosophy, political science, or economics will only need to take six courses (18 credits) outside the major.

Learning Goals

At the end of this program students will be able to:
  • Identify key factors in evaluating the morality of individual behavior and the legitimacy of regulations about that behavior.
  • Explain the process through which the public regulation of individuals and groups occurs.
  • Evaluate the economic ability of institutions to provide for the common welfare.
  • Critique boundaries between private market forces and their just and efficient public regulation.
Minor Requirements

The minor requires students to take 3 courses (9 credits) in each of three fields of study. The course offerings in each field are structured to give students a solid grounding in each field, as well as a taste of what more advanced work in the field involves.

Students are permitted to bring in only 3 credits for each field from outside of Rutgers University-New Brunswick. In other words, at least two of the three classes for each field must be taken at Rutgers University-New Brunswick; only one course in each field can come from transfer credit, AP credit, study abroad, or other Rutgers campuses. Courses that are cross-listed may be used to satisfy only one requirement.

All courses must be completed with a grade of C or better in order to be used for the minor.

Below are the requirements for each field, which must be completed whether the student majors in the field or pursues them as other parts of the minor.

Requirements for the Economics Component of the PPE Minor (three courses, 9 credits)

Both of these two introductory courses:

01:220:102  Introduction to Microeconomics
01:220:103  Introduction to Macroeconomics

One course from the following list:

01:220:120  Inequality
01:220:327  History of Economic Thought
01:220:331  Economics of Crime
01:220:390  Choice and Strategy in Politics
01:220:402  Labor Economics (Prerequisites: 01:220:320 and 01:220:322)
01:220:417  Health Economics (Prerequisites: 01:220:320 and 01:220:322)
01:220:432  Environmental Economics (Prerequisites: 01:220:320 and 01:220:322)
01:220:460  Public Economics (Prerequisites: 01:220:320 and 01:220:322)
01:220:463  Economics of Taxation (Prerequisites: 01:220:320 and 01:220:322)
01:220:482  Game Theory and Economics

Requirements for the Philosophy Component of the PPE Minor (three courses, 9 credits)

Total of three philosophy courses, no more than one at the 100 level, and two from the following list, at least one of which must be at a 300 level or higher (other courses on a case-by-case basis):

01:730:105/106  Current Moral and Social Issues
01:730:107  Introduction Ethics
01:730:249  Bioethics
01:730:250  Environmental Ethics
01:730:251  Ethics and Business
01:730:255  Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy
01:730:330  Ethics of War and Conflict
01:730:341  Ethics through History
01:730:342  Social and Political Philosophy through History
01:730:343  Marx and Marxism
01:730:345  Philosophy and the Law
01:730:347  Philosophical Issues in Feminism
01:730:358  Philosophy of Law
01:730:371  Philosophies of Death and Dying
01:730:441  Ethical Theory
01:730:442  Moral Responsibility
01:730:445  Topics in Social and Political Philosophy
01:730:450  Topics in Moral Philosophy
01:730:459  Advanced Seminar in Ethics
01:730:470  Ethics and Practical Reason

Requirements for the Political Science Component of the PPE Minor (three courses, 9 credits)

One course in political theory, from the following list: 

01:790:101  Nature of Politics
01:790:365  Gender and Political Theory
01:790:371  Western Tradition: Plato to Machiavelli
01:790:372  Western Tradition: Hobbes to Mill
01:790:373  Legal Philosophy Rights and Justice
01:790:374  Democratic Political Philosophy
01:790:375  American Political Thought to 1865
01:790:376  American Political Thought from 1865
01:790:472  Religion and Politics
01:790:473  Critics of Modernity
01:790:477  Critical Theory and Society

Two courses in policy or group relations, from the following list:

01:790:305  Public Policy Formation
01:790:318  Comparative Public Policy
01:790:319  Issues of American Foreign Policy
01:790:320  Politics and Social Policy: Lessons from Europe
01:790:322  Strategy in International Relations
01:790:323  Defense Policy
01:790:330  Interest Groups
01:790:333  Race, Ethnicity, and Politics
01:790:334  Politics of Black America
01:790:335  Women and American Politics
01:790:338  Government and Business
01:790:350  Environmental Policy: U.S. and International
01:790:355  Women and Public Policy
01:790:358  Globalization, Democracy, and Contemporary Capitalism
01:790:360  Gender and Politics and Global Perspective
01:790:363  Conflict Resolution in World Politics
01:790:364  Global Order
01:790:386  Political Change in China
01:790:401  American Constitutional Law I
01:790:404  Politics of Criminal Justice

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