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Accounting 010
African Area Studies 016
African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian Languages and Literatures 013
Africana Studies 014
Agriculture and Food Systems 020
American History 512
American Literature
American Studies 050
Animal Science 067
Anthropology 070
Archaeology 075
Architectural Studies 076
Armenian 078
Art 080
Art History 082
Arts and Sciences 090
Asian Studies 098
Astrobiology 101
Astrophysics 105
Biological Sciences
Biomedical Sciences
Biotechnology 126
Business Analytics and Information Technolgy 136
Business Law 140
Cell Biology
Chemistry 160
Chinese 165
Cinema Studies 175
Cognitive Science 185
Communication 192
Community Development
Comparative Literature 195
Computer Science 198
Criminal Justice 202
Criminology 204
Dance 203
Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources 216
Economics 220
Education 300
Entomology 370
Environmental and Business Economics 373
Environmental Certificates
Environmental Planning 573
Environmental Policy, Institutions, and Behavior 374
Environmental Sciences 375
Environmental Studies 381
European Studies 360
Exercise Science 377
Film Studies
Finance 390
Food Science 400
French 420
Gender and Media 438
Geography 450
Geological Sciences 460
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Minor Requirements
Departmental Honors Program
German 470
Greek 490
Greek, Modern Greek Studies 489
Health Administration 501
Health and Society 502
History/French Joint Major 513
History/Political Science Joint Major 514
Holocaust Studies 564
Human Resource Management 533
Hungarian 535
Individualized Major 555
Information Technology and Informatics 547
Interdisciplinary Studies, SAS 556
International and Global Studies 558
Italian 560
Japanese 565
Jewish Studies 563
Journalism and Media Studies 567
Junior Year Abroad
Korean 574
Labor Studies and Employment Relations 575
Landscape Architecture 550
Latin 580
Latin American Studies 590
Latino and Caribbean Studies 595
Leadership and Management 605
Life Sciences
Linguistics 615
Management and Global Business 620
Marine Sciences 628
Marketing 630
Mathematics 640
Medicine and Dentistry
Medieval Studies 667
Meteorology 670
Microbiology 680
Middle Eastern Studies 685
Military Education, Air Force 690
Military Education, Army 691
Military Education, Naval 692
Military Science Minor (Military Science 691N, Naval Science 692N, Aerospace Science 693N, Non-Commissioning 695N)
Molecular Biology
Nutritional Sciences 709
Operations Research 711
Organizational Leadership 713
Philosophy 730
Physics 750
Physiology and Neurobiology
Planning and Public Policy 762
Plant Biology 776
Polish 787
Political Science 790
Portuguese 810
Psychology 830
Public Health 832
Public Policy 833
Religion 840
Russian 860
Sexualities Studies 888
Social Justice 904
Social Work 910
Sociology 920
South Asian Studies 925
Spanish 940
Sport Management 955
Statistics 960
Study Abroad 959
Supply Chain Management 799
Theater 965
Ukrainian 967
Urban Planning and Design 971
Urban Studies
Visual Arts
Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies 988
World Language Proficiency Certificates
School of Arts and Sciences
School of Environmental and Biological Sciences
Mason Gross School of the Arts
Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy
Rutgers Business School: Undergraduate-New Brunswick
School of Communication and Information
School of Engineering
Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
School of Management and Labor Relations
Honors College of Rutgers University-New Brunswick
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Divisions of the University
Camden Newark New Brunswick/Piscataway
New Brunswick Undergraduate Catalog 2022-2024 Programs of Study and Courses for Liberal Arts and Sciences Students Programs, Faculty, and Courses Geological Sciences 460 Courses  


01:460:100 Planet Earth (3) Introductory geology for the nonscience major, designed to give a broad, basic understanding of the planet on which we reside, its age and origin, composition and evolution, interrelationships of Earth's major physical systems, scientific revolutions in Earth science, and the role the physical Earth plays in global politics and economics.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:101.
01:460:101 Introductory Geology (4) Geological concepts, principles, processes, chemistry, and physics of the Earth and the interplay of Earth systems. Course explores the Earth as a whole, its origin, structure, composition, history, and the nature of the processes that resulted in its formation and its present state. Course includes a 3-hour laboratory session. Previously listed as 01:460:103. Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:100.
01:460:102 Introductory Geology II: Historical (3) Principles and concepts of plate tectonics and reconstructing past geography and environments; history of Earth's climate, environments, biogeochemical cycles, and life through time. Pre- or corequisite: 01:460:101. Designed for majors and minors. Credit not given for this course and 01:460:212.
01:460:103 Introductory Geology Laboratory (1) For students requiring fulfillment of the geological sciences lab requirement who have previously taken 01:460:100 Planet Earth, or an equivalent of 01:460:101 Introductory Geology without a lab. Lab times are those scheduled for 01:460:101 labs. Explores mineral and rock identification, geological sample analysis, structural and seismological interpretation, and field observation.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor only.
01:460:110 Sea Change (3) History of global and regional sea-level changes through geological time and their impact on the New Jersey coast. Relationships among carbon dioxide, temperature, and sea-level change. Social, ethical, economic, and political concerns are explored.
01:460:111 Solving the Climate Crisis (3) The basic physics of Earth¿s climate. Past and future climate change. The impacts of climate change on humans. Strategies for limiting the magnitude and consequences of climate change. Climate action at a national, organizational, and personal scale.
01:460:116 Building Blocks of the Solar System (3) Chemical constraints on composition and origin of solar system and its planets; chemical requirements for life; discussion of fundamental questions in planetary science.
01:460:120 Introduction to Oceanography (3) Ongoing discoveries and developing knowledge including plate tectonics, the properties and motion of the ocean (waves, tides, and currents), ocean resources (food, energy, minerals), and related marine environmental issues that are changing our understanding of the way our planet works and that impact on our lives. Credit not given for this course and 01:460:209 or 11:628:120.
01:460:201 Earthquakes and Volcanoes (3) Plate tectonics and the origin of earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, mechanisms, consequences, and effect on humans.
01:460:202 Environmental Geology (3) Analyses of issues and case studies related to cleaning up the environment, finding and using resources, predicting and mitigating natural disasters, and understanding global change.
01:460:203 Building and Maintaining a Habitable Planet (3) Understanding human-caused environmental changes in the context of Earth's 4.6-billion-year history. Geological and human timescales; planetary habitability; planetary, biological, and civilizational flows of energy and entropy; feedback between life, the carbon cycle, and climate; the evolution of complex life; human alterations of the Earth system; intelligent life in the universe.
01:460:204 The Water Planet (3) Survey of the science, environmental impact, and resource allocation of water on Earth. Characteristics of water: hydrologic cycle; runoff and erosion; river systems; past and present climates; water quality; political and economic aspects of water.
Credit not given for both this course and 11:628:204.
01:460:206 Dinosaurs (3) Survey of dinosaurian evolution and diversity. Discovery and collection; reconstruction of anatomy, behavior, physiology, and habitats; origin, evolutionary radiation, and extinction.
01:460:207 Oil and Gold: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (3) Introduction to the geologic setting and origin of the Earth's natural resources. Topics include the exploitation of energy resources (oil and gas) and metallic and nonmetallic deposits and its impact on society.
01:460:210 Rocks and Minerals (3) Systematics of rock-forming minerals. Description, geologic setting, and origin of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks.
Lec. and lab 3 hrs. Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:301 and 01:460:302.
01:460:212 Earth and Life through Time (3) Relationship between the development of continents and oceans, changes in sedimentary environments, and the evolution of life through time. Designed for nonmajors. Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:102.
01:460:213 A Walk through Time: Evolution of Mammals (3) Introduction to current perspectives on the origins and fossil history of mammals. Critical evaluation of the how and why theories of evolution and adaption through a detailed presentation of the who, what, when, and why.
01:460:222 Mars: The Next Frontier (3) Mars observations test models of evolution of planet and the potential for life beyond the Earth. The prospect of human habitation on our neighbor Mars. Older ideas and modern models of the planets in the context of over 40 missions to Mars and evidence from known Martian meteorites.
01:460:224 Geology of the Moons and Planets (3) Formation and evolution of the solar system and the solid objects in it as constrained by both astronomical evidence of stellar/planetary evolution and by direct observations of meteorites and from missions to planets and other bodies. The concept of the "habitable zone" exoplanets around other stars compared to our local planets.
01:460:225 Astrobiology (3) Investigation of the origin, evolution, and distribution of life in our solar system and beyond. Addresses some of the biggest questions in science today such as where life began, whether there is life on other planets, and how scientists search for extraterrestrial life.
01:460:300 Introduction to Sedimentary Geology (4) Interpretation of sedimentary rocks; their relation to depositional environment and processes. Analysis of sedimentary sequences in time and space. Principles of correlation. Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Field trips. Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103.
01:460:301 Mineralogy (4) Chemistry, crystal structure, optical properties of minerals, and minerals as records of processes that shaped the Earth and extraterrestrial bodies. Laboratory: identification of minerals in hand specimen, thin section, electron microprobe, and scanning electron microscope.
Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Field trips. Prerequisites: 01:160:161, 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103. Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:210.
01:460:302 Petrology (4) Origin of Earth's crust and mantle through the study of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Laboratory: hand specimens and thin sections of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Field trips. Prerequisite: 01:460:301. Credit not given for both this course and 01:460:210.
01:460:303 Paleontology (4) Principles of paleobiology and phylogenetic systematics. Phylogenetic and mathematical analyses of the Earth's fossil record. Laboratory study of invertebrate fossils. Field trips to examine fossil-bearing rock formations.
Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103.
01:460:304 Introduction to Geochemistry (4) Low- and high-temperature geochemistry, element distribution, geochemical structure of the Earth. Laboratory exercises include sample materials, preparation techniques, mass spectrometry, data collection, reduction, and interpretation. Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103, 01:160:161.
01:460:305 Evolution and Geologic Time (3) Major events in the evolution of life on Earth; evolutionary pattern and process through geologic time; relationship of macro- and microevolutionary theory. Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103.
01:460:306 Introduction to Geophysics (3) Principles of subsurface exploration using seismic waves, gravity and magnetic fields, electric currents, and electromagnetic waves. Applications to problems on scales from global to local. Practical training in executing local geophysical surveys (seismic, electric, magnetic).
Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103, 01:750:203.
01:460:355,356 Geology Colloquium (1,1) Current research in geological sciences. Lec. and discussions 1 hr. For geological sciences majors only.
01:460:394 Geological Context (3) Field and laboratory studies of geological context in archaeological sites. Data collection and sampling, sediment analysis, and reporting. Interpretation of depositional and postdepositional features. Recommended prerequisite: 01:460:300. Credit not given for both this course and 01:070:394.
01:460:396 Geochronology in Geosciences and Anthropology (3) Isotopic, astronomical, and paleomagnetic dating techniques in geology and anthropology. Prerequisites: 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103.
01:460:407 Structural Geology and Geologic Maps (4) Geometry and origin of brittle and ductile structures; stress, strain, rheology, and deformation mechanisms; geologic maps and cross sections; introduction to tectonics and regional structural geology.
Lec. 3 hrs., lab. 3 hrs. Field trips. Prerequisite: 01:460:101 or 01:460:103. Recommended pre- or corequisite: 01:460:300, 01:640:CALC1.
01:460:408 Geomorphology (3) Application of Earth system science to understanding the evolution of landforms and landscapes on the Earth's surface. Lec. 3 hrs. Prerequisite: 01:460:101 or equivalent.
01:460:410 Field Geology (3) Methodology of field investigations: pace and compass; aerial photo and topographic mapping; construction of geological maps and cross sections; interpretations of seismic profiles; preparation of written reports. Lec. 1 hr., lab. 6 hrs. Prerequisite: 01:460:407 or permission of instructor. Satisfies field requirement.
01:460:411 Geological Field Methods (2) Introduction to geological mapping and related field investigations; surveying methods; construction of geological maps, stratigraphic sections, and cross sections; interpretation of seismic reflection profiles; computer applications; preparation of written reports. Pre- or corequisites: 01:460:407 and 300. Course does not satisfy the field requirement.
01:460:412 Geophysical Field Methods (By Arrangement) Practical training in designing and executing geophysical surveys for shallow subsurface targets, analysis of geophysical observations, and interpretation of geophysical survey results. Methods employed are seismic, ground penetrating radar and magnetic surveying. Class activities include lectures, field work, independent (guided) data analysis, and report preparation and presentation.
Prerequisite: 01:460:306 or permission of instructor. 
01:460:414 Hydrologic Processes (3) Introduction to physical principles of water cycling through the Earth's atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere, with emphasis on water storage, flux, and flow pathways among the various reservoirs near the land surface. Prerequisites: 01:640:CALC1 and 01:750:203 General Physics (3) or equivalent, or permission of the instructor.
01:460:417 Environmental Geochemistry (3) Distribution of elements in the sedimentary environment; behavior of trace metals in sediments and waters. Pre- or corequisites: 01:160:162, 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103.
01:460:418 Geological Modeling (3) Computer techniques for collection, processing, interpretation, and presentation of geological and geophysical data. Computer-based modeling exercises in geologic and geophysical exploration and environment assessment. Pre- or corequisite: 01:460:300, 301, or 303.
01:460:428 Hydrogeology (3) Introduction to physical and chemical principles of fluid flow and mass transport through geologic media, with emphasis on quantitative characterization of groundwater systems. Prerequisites: 01:640:CALC1, 01:750:203, and 01:460:101 or 01:460:100 and 01:460:103; or permission of instructor.
01:460:429 Tectonics and Regional Structural Geology (3) Theories of tectonics, regional tectonostratigraphic analysis, and development of the Earth's Phanerozoic orogens. Prerequisite: 01:460:407.
01:460:441 Structure and Formation of the Terrestrial Planets (3) Examination of planetary formation processes and hypotheses of planetary evolution in the solar system drawn from seismological and petrological observations of Earth's well-organized lithological and chemical parts. Prerequisites: 01:460:302, 01:460:304, 01:460:306, or permission of instructor. Credit not given for both this course and 16:460:506.
01:460:442 Dynamics of Planetary Interiors (3) Applications of continuum mechanics, thermodynamics, and fluid dynamics to the processes within the Earth and other rocky planets of the solar system. Combines fundamental theory with hands-on computer-based data manipulation to connect theoretical expectations of simple models with current knowledge about the planets. Prerequisite: 01:460:306.
01:460:451 Marine Geology (3) Structure and oceanographic setting, marine sediments, evolution of ocean basins and margins. Prerequisite: 01:460:300.
01:460:454 Micropaleontology (3) Studies of foraminifera, calcareous nannoplankton, and siliceous microplankton emphasizing stratigraphic, paleoecologic, and paleoceanographic utility.
01:460:476 History of the Earth System (3) Earth as an evolving physical/biological system, including physical and biogeochemical processes whose interactions have shaped Earth's environment over geologic time. Pre- or corequisites: Any three of 01:119:102 or 116, 01:160:162, 01:460:101, 01:750:204, or permission of instructor.
01:460:480 Major Events in Earth History (3) History of the solid Earth, oceans, atmosphere, and life over the past >4.5 billion years as narrated by major events in the geological record. Prerequisites: All courses for geological sciences majors in their senior year, or by special permission.
01:460:493,494 Independent Studies in Geology (1-3,1-3) Topic of study chosen in consultation with a faculty adviser. Prerequisites: Minimum 3.0 cumulative and geology grade-point averages. Adviser's approval required for registration. Credits by arrangement.
01:460:495-496 Honors in Geology (3,3) Research project chosen in consultation with a faculty adviser. Both semesters must be completed to receive credit. See section on departmental honors program for registration requirements.
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