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Agriculture and Food Systems 020
Agriculture and Natural Resource Management 035
Animal Science 067
Arts and Sciences 090
Biochemistry 115
Bioenvironmental Engineering 117
Biotechnology 126
Community Health Outreach 193
Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources 216
Education 300
Educational Opportunity Fund 364
Entomology 370
Environmental and Biological Sciences 015
Environmental and Business Economics 373
Environmental Planning 573
Environmental Policy, Institutions, and Behavior 374
Environmental Sciences 375
Food Science 400
Interdisciplinary Studies 554
Landscape Architecture 550
Leadership Skills 607
Marine Sciences 628
Meteorology 670
Microbiology 680
Nutritional Sciences 709
Plant Biology 776
Student to Professional Internship Network (SPIN) 902
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Mason Gross School of the Arts
Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy
Rutgers Business School: Undergraduate-New Brunswick
School of Communication and Information
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Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy
School of Management and Labor Relations
Honors College of Rutgers University-New Brunswick
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Camden Newark New Brunswick/Piscataway
New Brunswick Undergraduate Catalog 2020-2022 School of Environmental and Biological Sciences Course Listing Plant Biology 776  

Plant Biology 776
11:776:102 Soil and Society (3)
An introduction to soil processes, their role in the ecosystem, basic management concerns, soil quality, human health, and global processes.
11:776:105 Stories of Plant Disease (3) The impact of plant diseases on human history, society, and culture.  Stories of plant disease epidemics are used to illustrate the human and environmental costs of plant disease.
11:776:111 The World of Turf (3) This course will deliver an introductory level understanding of the societal, cultural, agricultural, and environmental aspects of the turfgrass industry and a basic knowledge of turfgrass growth, development, and management.
11:776:112 Introduction to Bioenergy Technologies (3)  Introductory understanding of biomass and biomass to low-carbon energy systems including biopower, bioheat, and biofuels, with a scientific examination of feedstocks, conversion technologies, and scale up for industrial production, end products, and their applications. The course will also provide understanding of the concepts of sustainability, systems thinking, and Life Cycle Analysis (LCA).
11:776:170 Plants and People (3) The influence of plants on the economic, social, and cultural history of man, especially as sources of food, shelter, clothing, drugs, and industrial raw materials. Current problems of agriculture, plant industry, medicine, and conservation.
11:176:201 People-Plant Relationships (3)
Examines the roles and meanings of plants and vegetated settings in human well-being and social development. The framework is provided by the four broad areas of: plants and the individual; plants and communities; plants and human culture; and horticultural therapy. This is a hybrid (mostly online) course.
Formerly 11:776:432 
11:776:202 Applied Physiology of Horticultural Crops (3) The physiology of plants and regulation of their growth. Emphasis on the environmental and developmental aspects of plant physiology that allow plants to survive, grow, and reproduce despite transient and seasonal periods of environmental stress. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:242.
11:776:205 Introduction to Ethnobotany (3) Broad overview of the science of ethnobotany (how people use plants), with emphasis on current research and issues. This is a hybrid (mostly online) course.
Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:242.
11:776:210 Principles of Botany (3) Structure, function, diversity, reproduction, and evolution in the plant kingdom. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:242.
11:776:211 Introduction to Horticulture (3) The art and science of horticulture: its historical impact, biology, technology, and industry. Laboratory exercises applying horticultural techniques to growing plants. Lecture/Lab.
11:776:221 Principles of Organic Crop Production (3) Cultural management practices that form the basis for organic crop production: soil stewardship, plant health, and avoiding competition without synthetic chemicals. Implementation of cropping techniques and emerging technologies.
11:776:225 Horticultural Therapy: Concepts and Skills (3) This foundational course discusses concepts and skills in horticultural therapy (HT), including history and theory. Students will learn about services, settings, and populations pertaining to HT, and learn various horticultural therapy techniques to achieve specific goals within treatment, rehabilitation, or vocational plans.
11:776:242 Plant Science (3) Fundamentals of structure, taxonomy, growth and development, metabolism, reproduction, and ecology of plants. Dynamics, manipulation, biotechnology, and the development of new characteristics in plants.
11:776:257 Edible and Poisonous Fungi (1) Classification of mushrooms with a focus on edible and poisonous types and the use of fungi by human cultures.
11:776:296 Honors Seminar in Plant Science (3) The topic for each semester addresses current issues from the perspectives of the humanities, sciences, and social sciences. Prerequisite: Open only to honors students (SEBS Honors Program, SAS Honors Program, and Honors College) or by permission of instructor. 
11:776:302 General Plant Pathology (3) The occurrence, economic importance, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and control of plant diseases. Prerequisites: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent).
11:776:304 Turfgrass Management (4) Growth, development, adaptation, and selection of the major turfgrass species. Principles of establishment, mowing, nutrition, irrigation, and pest control of home lawn, athletic field, golf, and utility turfs. Lecture/Lab. Recommended: Classes in soils and plant science.
11:776:305 Plant Genetics (4) Heritable variation, strategies, and consequences of sexual/asexual reproduction, inbreeding and outbreeding. Chromosome structure, behavior, and mapping. Uses of tissue culture and recombinant DNA techniques in plant genetic manipulation. Prerequisites: General Biology 01:119:115, 116, 117 or equivalent.
11:776:309 Construction and Renovation of Golf Courses and Sports Fields (3)  Planning, implementation, and business aspects of constructing, renovating, designing, and redesigning golf courses and sports fields, including drainage, tees, bunkers, greens, ponds, steps, walls, cart paths, maintenance areas, and sports fields. Prerequisites: Soils (11:776:102 or equivalent) and 11:776:304.
11:776:310 Plant Propagation (3) Theory and practice of multiplying plants by seeds and vegetative means such as cuttings, grafts, buds, and layers. Lecture/Lab. Prerequisite: 11:776:211 or 242.
11:776:311 General Plant Pathology Laboratory (1) An optional laboratory course utilizing specific techniques and plant diseases to illustrate the basic principles of plant pathology. Pre- or corequisite: 11:776:302.
11:776:312 Medicinal Plants (3) Use of plants for medicinal and other purposes; poisonous plants; cross-cultural aspects; chemistry and biological significance of natural products; natural products from higher plants in modern medicine. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:242.
11:776:313 Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Laboratory (1) Use of plants for medicinal and other purposes; poisonous plants, cross-cultural aspects, chemistry and biological significance of natural products, and natural products from higher plants in modern medicine are discussed. Pre- or corequisite: 11:776:312.
11:776:321 Greenhouse Systems Management (3) The greenhouse environment, its manipulation and control in the production of plants. Principles of various technologies, including  greenhouse computer control systems and management skills needed to operate greenhouses. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:211 or 242.
11:776:325 Horticulture Therapy: Techniques and Programming (3) Use of adaptive devices and enabling tools. Methodologies for program evaluation and for documentation of program effectiveness. Prerequisite: 11:776:225 or permission of instructor.
11:776:341 Fruit Production (3) The growing of small fruits and grapes. Varieties, fruit-growing systems, and harvesting methods involved in grapes, strawberries, blueberries, brambles, and cranberries. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:242 or permission of instructor. Recommended: 11:776:210 or 211.
11:776:382 Plant Physiology (4) Water relations, photosynthesis, inorganic nutrition, metabolism of organic materials, and plant growth regulation. Emphasis on environmental factors in the physiology of plants. Lecture/Lab.  Prerequisites: General Biology 01:119:115,116, 117 or equivalent; and General Chemistry 01:160:161,162,171 or equivalent; and 11:776:242. Recommended: Organic Chemistry.
11:776:389 Applications of Irrigation and Equipment Technology in Sports Fields and Landscape (2) Irrigation design, installation, and maintenance; mower technology; and mathematics applications for the management of golf, sports, and landscape areas. Critical thinking rather than passive learning to solve real-world problems commonly confronted by the turf and landscape manager in the field. Prerequisite: 11:776:304 or permission of instructor.
11:776:390 Hemp and Medical Cannabis (3) The historical, horticultural, economic, legal, and regulatory aspects of plants, and their products, in the genus Cannabis. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) and 11:776:211 or 242.
11:776:391 Weeds, Diseases, and Insects of Plants (3) Study of the common weed, insect, and disease problems that occur during the production and maintenance of plants in production fields, greenhouses and nurseries, residential properties, parks, recreational areas, and forested sites in a plant health care or integrated pest management context.   Prerequisites: 11:776:302 or 11:370:381 or equivalents. Additional coursework in entomology, plant pathology, and the plant sciences is recommended.
11:776:400 Fungi in the Environment (3) Identification, ecology, and biodiversity of fungi. Laboratory includes sampling techniques, identification and descriptive procedures, culture collections, mycological herbaria, and field trips.  Prerequisites: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent). 
11:776:402 Introduction to Weed Science and Management (3) Basic principles of weed ecology, management, and economic impact in agriculture, turfgrass, and ornamental landscapes. Prerequisites: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:242.
11:776:404 Soil Management for Sports Fields and Landscapes (3) Principles of turf soil science and management. Managing soils for plant nutrition, manipulation for water supply and drainage, efficient irrigation, and use of poor quality water. Prerequisite: Soils (11:776:102 or 11:375:360 or equivalent).
11:776:405 Plant Biosecurity Issues and Technologies (3) Introduces the plant health policies and regulations safeguarding agriculture and environmental resources, the interrelationship between risk assessment, risk management and risk communication for plant pests, and plant pest management and eradication measures. Biosecurity technologies for plant pest monitoring and detection including surveillance, bioinformatics, microscopy, Lucid keys for visual identification of pests, ELISA, PCR, and real-time PCR will be introduced accompanied by laboratory exercises. Prerequisites: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) and 11:776:242. Recommended: 11:776:302, 11:776:391, and/or 11:370:381.
11:776:406 Plant Breeding (4) History, theory, and practice of plant breeding. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) and 11:776:242.
11:776:408 Turfgrass Pest Science (4) Biology, etiology, and management of major turfgrass pests, including fungal, bacterial, and viral pathogens; insects, nematodes, vertebrates, and weeds. Includes a laboratory in diagnostics. Prerequisites: General Biology 01:119:115,116, 117 or equivalent and 11:776:304; or by permission.
11:776:410 Plants and Innovative Technologies for Bioenergy (3) Bioenergy and various renewable energy sources from biomass. Associated agronomic and bioenergy traits from biomass sources, and conversion technologies from different biomass sources. Prerequisites: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent). Recommended: 11:776:242.
11:776:415 Fungi and Human Health (3) The impact of fungi on human health, nutrition, and drug discovery. Prerequisites: General Biology 01:119:115, 116, 117 or equivalent.
11:776:421 Vegetable Production and Marketing (3) Significance of vegetable crops to the U.S. economy, production principles, post-harvest handling, environmental impact, emerging vegetable crops in changing U.S. demographics, vegetable crop marketing, and global job opportunities in the vegetable crops industry. Prerequisite: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent).
11:776:425 Special Topics in Horticulture Therapy (1-3) Independent research in the area horticultural therapy.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
11:776:427 Vocational Skills Training in Horticultural Therapy (1-3) An internship course will provide students with foundational knowledge of the vocational rehabilitation service system and the skills necessary to provide green-industry job training to individuals with disabilities. Prerequisites: 11:776:225 Introduction to Horticultural Therapy and/or 11:776:325 Horticultural Therapy Techniques and Programming; or permission of instructor.
11:776:438 Plants and Human Health (3) The role of plants in human health and nutrition. Plant-based medicinal and dietary supplements and the underlying bioactive compounds are examined as well as associated toxicity and assessment for efficacy and safety. Recommended: Prior coursework in nutrition, physiology, chemistry, medicinal plants, or related courses.
11:776:439 Nursery Crop Production (3) Principles, practices, and production of temperate-zone woody ornamental plants. Both field and container growing considered. Prerequisite: 11:776:211 or 242.
11:776:440 Soil Fertility (3) Soil-plant relationships in the field and methods of diagnosing deficiencies in soils and plants. Prerequisite: 11:375:360 or permission of instructor.
11:776:442 Agroecology (3) Introduces various topics of agroecology including traditional and organic farming, plant and animal production, energy, pest management, specialized and controlled environment agriculture, and sustainable practices.
11:776:452 Plant Tissue Culture and Engineering (3) Principles and culture techniques of cells, callus, organs, pollen, anthers, embryos, and protoplasts.  The applications in clonal propagation and research in breeding, physiology, and pathology. Prerequisites: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) or 11:776:210, 211, or 242.
11:776:468 China's Ecological, Agricultural, and Environmental Challenges and Global Impacts (3) Major environmental and ecological issues in China, including pollution, soil erosion, deforestation/reforestation, desertification, and urbanization, as well as strategies to deal with the challenges. Driving forces, such as population pressure, economic growth, globalization, climate change, and sociopoliticial factors are examined. Growing opportunities (e.g., business, private industry, academia, and government agents) in environment and conservation areas are introduced.
11:776:485 Functional Genomics for Research (3) Focuses on execution of tools and protocols used to elucidate the biology, ecology, and life histories of organisms through analysis of their genomes using algal genomes as models. Prerequisites: One semester biology (01:119:115 or equivalent) and (11:216:251/486 or 01:447:380 or 11:115:301/403 or 01:694:315/407).
11:776:495,496 Special Problems in Plant Science (BA,BA) Out-of-classroom or extracurricular activities that combine technical knowledge of the plant science disciplines with practical skill development in the laboratory, greenhouse, or field.  Students enroll in Special Problems to receive credit for the experienced-based education requirement for the plant science major.
Prerequisites: Permission of instructor and special problems adviser.
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Comments and corrections to: Campus Information Services.

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