Development of Europe I (3)
Introductory survey of European history from ancient times to the early modern period. Introduction to historical interpretation and historical inquiry.
Development of Europe II (3)
Introductory survey of European history from the early modern period to the present. Introduction to historical interpretation and historical inquiry.
Topics in History (3,3)
Study of special topics in European history at the introductory level.
Ancient Greece (3)
Civilization of the eastern Mediterranean world in ancient times, with emphasis on the origins of Western civilization and the Greek contribution to Western culture.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:201.
Ancient Rome (3)
The Roman Republic and the Empire, with emphasis on the rise and decline of a Mediterranean world civilization under Roman leadership.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:209.
History of the Byzantine Empire (3)
Survey of political, military, religious, and
socioeconomic development of the eastern Roman Empire, centered at Constantinople, from late third century to Ottoman conquest in 1453.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:205 or 01:685:205.
Byzantine Civilization (3)
History of Byzantine culture and civilization, including political ideology and statecraft, orthodox Christianity, transmitting
classical traditions of science and literature, art and architecture, and laying foundations of modern Greek culture.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:207 or 01:685:207.
Emergence of Medieval Europe, 400-1150 (3)
Europe from the fall of Rome through the Dark Ages and into the feudal age--the era of Charlemagne, the Vikings, and the Crusades.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:667:281.
Harvest of the Middle Ages, 1150-1520 (3)
From feudalism to the Protestant Reformation, with emphasis on social and economic developments. Religious, political, institutional, and cultural changes.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:667:282.
The Crusades (3)
Ideology and expressions of the crusades, 11th to 14th centuries, including crusades against Muslims, heretics, and other papal enemies. Extensive use of film.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:685:213.
Europe: Gender, Sex, and Society (3)
Explores the varieties of gendered experience in Europe from the Enlightenment to the 20th century, including the relationship between gender, class, ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Course material will emphasize interdisciplinary and comparative approaches.
A History of the Britannic Isles: From the Beginnings to the 18th Century (3)
Explores the histories of the Britannic Isles--modern England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales--from the beginnings until the Act of Union of 1707; emphasis on history of migration, invasion, and cultural exchange.
The Arts of Power: Ritual, Myth, and Propaganda (3)
Investigates how paintings, movies, poems, and ceremonies have been manipulated to bolster the political authority of rulers, including Louis XIV, Lincoln, Hitler, and Elizabeth II.
History of Witchcraft and Magic (3)
Witchcraft in relation to the history of religion; the phenomena of crime, deviance, and demographic change; and the history of women in Europe and America.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:988:253.
Dracula: Facts and Fictions (3)
History of Dracula in context of early modern Balkan and Ottoman political and military history. Historical and literary legacies of Dracula from the 15th century to the late 19th century.
Remembering the Shtetl (3)
How Jewish life in eastern European small towns has been documented and recalled from 19th century to present in fiction, art, ethnography, film, and memoir.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:210.
History of the Holocaust (3)
Development of anti-Semitism in modern European history culminating in the "Final Solution"; special emphasis on Jewish responses and resistance.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:261.
Exile under Nazism and Communism (3)
Explores the experiences of Poles and Polish Jews under Nazi and Communist rule through history, travel writing, memoir, poetry, and film.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:270.
Jewish-Christian Relations through the Ages (3)
Jewish-Christian relations from the first century CE to the start of the 21st century. Focuses both on the history of interactions between
Jews and Christians--persecutions, collaborations, conversions, etc.--and the
history of theological stances and popular attitudes.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:240.
Russia and the West (3)
Formation of traditional Russian society in isolation from the West; the impact of the West on Russia from Peter the Great to the present.
Topics in History (3,3)
Study of special topics in European history at the intermediate level.
Greek and Roman Slavery (3)
Social, economic, legal, and political aspects of slavery in Ancient Greece and Rome. The sources and numbers of slaves, forms of servitude, manumission, and slave labor.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:300.
Early Greece (3)
History of the Greek world from Minoan Crete through the Persian War. Readings (in translation) range from Homer through Herodotus.
Classical Greece (3)
Greek history from the Persian War to the Macedonian conquest of Greece. Readings (in translation) from Thucydides, Xenophon, Demosthenes, Plutarch, and others.
Hellenistic World (3)
Expansion and development of Greek culture from Alexander through the successor kingdoms in Greece, Egypt, Syria-Palestine, and Asia Minor.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:303.
The Rise of the Roman Republic (3)
Roman political, social, and cultural history from the beginning of urban settlement through the emergence of the Roman state as the dominant power in the Mediterranean basin to the end of the second century BC.
The Crisis of the Roman Republic (3)
Roman political, social, and cultural history during the crisis of the
late republic from 133 BC, the tribunate of Tiberius Gracchus,
through the establishment of the principate by the Emperor Augustus.
Roman Empire (3)
Political, social, and intellectual developments of the imperial period
until the age of Constantine, with emphasis on the first two centuries
(Formerly 01:510:305) Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:306.
The Roman World in Late Antiquity (3)
Development of the Roman state and society from the late third through early seventh centuries. The transformation of the late classical world, and the origins of Byzantium and the medieval West.
Ancient Cultural and Intellectual History (3)
Aspects of cultural, religious, and intellectual developments in the classical world.
A History of Western Morals: Antiquity and Middle Ages (3)
Examines the formative period of moral ideas in Western civilization in ancient Greek, Roman, and Hebrew societies, then traces the evolution of those ideas through the Middle Ages.
Pompeii: The Life and Death of a Roman Town (3)
Pompeii and Herculaneum, as
laboratories for the study of Roman life: the economy and society; public and
private architecture, art, and inscriptions; and the birth of archaeology.
Prerequisites: One course in Roman history or culture, Latin or ancient art, or permission of instructor. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:373.
Cities of the Classical World (3)
Study of urban development in antiquity, focusing on Athens
and Rome, and synthesizing the evidence of literary, historical, and
Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:372.
Examines the historical Cleopatra and the reception of her
image from antiquity to the present in literature, art, and film. Issues
considered include female power in a man's world, east versus west, and
politics and propaganda.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:318.
Renaissance in the Middle Ages (3)
Transmission and appropriation of classical culture in the patristic age; Irish, Carolingian, 12th-century, and early Italian Renaissance; social and political bases of these movements.
Jews, Heretics, and the Inquisition (3)
Survey of the Medieval, Spanish, and Roman inquisitions focusing on these institutions' attitudes toward--and treatment of--heretics, Jews, and conversos. Examines how these inquisitions operated and their legal precedents as well as their relations to the social, political, and religious tensions of their day, in the context of broader historical questions about forms of intolerance and modes of persecution.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:314.
Reform and Dissent in the Middle Ages (3)
Christian unity and its implementation, church structure, canon law, monastic reform, conciliar movement, academic and popular heresy, and church-state relations, with emphasis on Italy and Germany. Integrated, interdisciplinary study of the age of the Renaissance in Italy and northern Europe from 1300 to 1550.
Food and Drink in Medieval Europe (3)
Food history at the crossroads of environmental, economic, agricultural, dietary, social, gender, ethnic, everyday life, religious, and
political-diplomatic investigations. Examination of these themes within the millennial trajectory of medieval Europe and the Mediterranean from ca. 450 CE to ca. 1450 CE.
The Renaissance (3)
Integrated, interdisciplinary study of the age of the Renaissance in Italy and northern Europe from 1300 to 1550.
Era of World War I (3)
Causes, course, and consequences of World War I in the light of political, social, and military forces.
The Age of Reformation, 1500-1648 (3)
The Protestant and Catholic reformations and their significance for European society.
Women in Antiquity (3)
Women in the ancient societies of Greece and Rome. Their roles and images in the social, legal, political, domestic, philosophical, and artistic spheres examined using primary sources.
The Age of Enlightenment (3)
Eighteenth-century European philosophy and philosophers examined within their historical contexts. The role of ideas in movements for social, moral, and political change.
Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe: From Renaissance to Revolution (3)
Early modern European history through the lens of women's experience, with a special focus on the experience of women in western Europe. Emphasis on methodologies and theories deployed by women's historians in recent decades.
Nineteenth-Century Europe (3)
Examination of the formative period of modern Europe, including the industrial and democratic revolutions, nationalism, imperialism, and the crises culminating in World War I.
Twentieth-Century Europe (3)
Major economic and social forces shaping life in 20th-century Europe, and efforts of major social groups to cope with and shape these forces.
World War II in Europe (3)
Exploration of causes, events, and consequences of WW II in Europe. Focus on political, military, economic, social, and cultural history
France, Old Regime, and Revolution (3)
French history from Louis XIV to the fall of Napoleon. The absolutist state and the impact of revolution, stressing the interplay of political, social, cultural, and economic history.
Modern France (3)
History of France from the fall of Napoleon to the present, with particular emphasis on the relation of political developments to social, intellectual, and economic change.
Medieval Kings and Queens (3)
Rulership in theory and practice, from Germanic chieftains to divine-right monarchs, with attention to royal rivals, myths and rituals, marriage, and gender.
England in the Middle Ages (3)
Political development of England from William the Conqueror to the War of the Roses.
British Atlantic World (3)
Explores the forms of knowledge and networks of communication that shaped British colonization in the early modern Atlantic. Themes include early contact with Native Americans; commerce, piracy, and slavery; political communications and the American Revolution; and the campaign to abolish the slave trade.
The Political History of England, 1485-1789: Centuries of Revolution? (3)
Explores the political, religious, and intellectual history of early modern England. Topics include the reformation, the state, political culture, and revolutions of the 17th century.
The Social History of England, 1580-1780: The First Modern Society? (3)
Explores the socioeconomic and cultural history of early modern England. Topics include popular culture; religion; sex and gender; urbanization; and the rise of consumerism, industrialism, and capitalism.
English Constitutional History to 1688 (3)
Developments of English governments to 1688, with emphasis on those institutions and political and legal ideas that form the background for American constitutional development.
The English Revolution, 1640-1660 (3)
Explores the most tumultuous period in English history. Topics include causes and revolution, the Civil War, regicide and republicanism, radical politics and religion, and Oliver Cromwell.
The British Empire and the British Isles, 1485-1763 (3)
History of British overseas enterprise from opening phases of Atlantic exploration through the end of the Seven Years' War. Special attention to impact of empire on British Isles.
Great Britain, 1685-1815 (3)
Explores Great Britain's rise to dominant global power. Focuses on internal developments as well as colonial experiences.
Modern Britain (3)
Developments since the 18th century that have shaped the character of contemporary Britain, including parliamentary democracy, industrialization, rise and fall of empire, and cultural change.
Greek Society (3)
Social and economic life of the Greeks from the Mycenaean period through the Hellenistic age. Written and material evidence employed.
Prerequisite: Recommended: 01:510:201. Credit not given for both this course and 01:190:350.
Medieval Italy, 476-1300 (3)
The Italian peninsula from the fall of the empire in the west to the age of the communes; social, political, and religious history.
History of Italy's People (3)
Topical approach. Etruscans to present. Emphasis on culture, geography, religion, philosophy, family structures, agricultural systems, urban development, and universities.
Medieval Germany (3)
Survey of German history from the late Roman Empire to the threshold of the Reformation, ca 300 to ca 1500.
Society and Culture in Germany 1750-1870 (3)
Introduction to the classical period of German culture, including study of Kant, Fichte, Lessing, Goethe, and Shiller in historical context.
Germany from 1871 to Present (3)
Analysis of the collapse of imperial Germany, the failure of democracy
in the Weimar Republic, Hitler's Third Reich, the Holocaust, and
restructuring of Germany since 1945.
Jews of Germany and Austria-Hungary, 1780-Present (3)
Jewish history in modern Central Europe. Focus on Germany, Austria, Hungary, and
Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic and Slovakia) from the late 1700s until
the present day.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:368.
Armenian Genocide in Comparative Perspective (3)
Overview of the Armenian Genocide in comparative
perspective, drawing from a wide spectrum of cases of mass violence and
genocide, the development of the concept of genocide in International Law,
genocide denial, responsibility to protect, reparations, and reconciliation;
organization and implementation of the genocide, humanitarian and armed
resistance to it, and the aftermath of genocide.
State and Society in Imperial Russia (3)
Autocratic government as a dynamic force in the 18th century and a conservative one in the 19th century in the face of intellectual and socioeconomic development.
Revolutionary Russia and the Soviet Union (3)
Crisis of the old regime; revolution; building socialism in an
underdeveloped country; Stalin's terror; expansion and the Cold War;
the post-Stalin attempts at reform; and the breakup of the Soviet Union.
Russia in War and Peace (3)
History of Russia from the war against Japan in 1904 to post-Soviet wars in Chechnya. Focus on how international conflicts affected Russian politics, culture, and society: Revolution of 1905, turmoil in First World War, revolutions of 1917, Russian Civil War, "socialism in one country," mythology of Great Patriotic War, xenophobia in Cold War, war in Afghanistan, and collapse of communism.
Jews and Revolution in Modern Russia (3)
Jewish experience in modern Russia, with special focus on the
involvement of Jews in the Russian Revolution and socialism and nationalism
during the Soviet Union, and the challenges to Russian-Jewish relations in the
St. Petersburg (3)
study of the historical development of St. Petersburg and its role in Russian
and European history. Variable
topics; specific topics will be available at time of registration.
No knowledge of Russian required. Offered only as part of summer program in St. Petersburg.
Eastern Europe, 1800-1948 (3)
Emergence of national movements and independent states in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, and Bulgaria. Problem of national minorities in nation-states, and solutions offered by nationalist, fascist, and communist regimes.
History of Modern Greece (3)
Greek experience under Ottoman rule; revolution
and independence; development of national state and society 1830s to present.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:382 or 01:685:382.
Eastern Europe, 1945-Present (3)
Impact of communism and neoliberalism on Eastern Europe. Collapse of the Soviet Bloc, transition to liberal market capitalism, and its social consequences.
Cyprus: A Global History (3)
History of Cyprus from the 16th to the 21st
Credit not given for both this course and 01:489:381 or 01:685:384.
Rabbis, Rebels, and Rationalists: The Jews of Eastern Europe (3)
Economic, legal, and political conditions of Jewish life from the 16th century to World War II. Forms of Jewish response: autonomism, messianism, Hasidism, emigration, and socialism.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:385.
History of Zionism (3)
Messianism, forerunners of Zionism; ideology of Zionism; pioneer movements; the Yishuv and its institutions. The state of Israel: its structure and inner and outer life.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:343 or 01:685:343.
Jewish Politics, Jewish Power (3)
Political relationship of the Jewish community to the gentile authorities among whom they lived, from Rome in 70 CE to the contemporary period. Continuities and discontinuities of traditional conceptions of Jewish political behavior; rebellion and accommodation to structures of power in varying historical contexts.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:389 and 01:790:384.
Jewish Memory (3)
Course explores various forms of Jewish memory shaped in response to major events, including myths, holidays, monuments, pilgrimages, testimonies, museums, literature, and film.
Credit not given for both this course and 01:563:390.
Historical Studies (3,3)
Separate sections focusing on different topics at different times and in different areas. Specific titles available at time of registration.
Human Rights (3)
Examines the history of human rights as a set of ideas and as a
motivation for social action. Special emphasis on the role of human rights in Europe, but includes
comparisons with rights-based activism in other parts of the world.
The Idea of Europe: 18th Century to the Present (3)
Exploration of the concepts "Europe" and
"Europeans" from 1700 to the present.
Prerequisite: 01:510:101-102 or permission of instructor. Credit not given for both this course and 01:360:401.
Ancient Warfare and Diplomacy (3)
International politics and military history in the Greek and Roman world. Readings include ancient sources (in translation) and modern interpretations.
Rome in the Age of Augustus (3)
Examination of the career of Augustus and the developments in the Roman world during this period. Treatment of the problems of change and continuity through revival and innovation in political, social, and intellectual spheres, with emphases on growth of imperial system and on the literary works and social legislation.
Europe in the Contemporary World (3)
Europe from 1930s to present, focusing on European responses to challenges of American power, Soviet revolution, and anticolonial movements.
Intellectual History of Early Modern Europe (3)
Study of major currents of thought (religious, scientific, political, and social) from the end of the Middle Ages to the 18th century.
The Social History of Medieval England (3)
Concentrates on the interaction between individual and society in medieval England with special emphasis on the life experiences of the common people.