Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, with more than 50,000
students on campuses in Camden, Newark, and New Brunswick, is one of
the nation's major state university systems. The university comprises
29 degree-granting divisions: 12 undergraduate colleges, 11 graduate
schools, and 6 schools offering both undergraduate and graduate
degrees. Five are located in Camden, 8 in Newark, and 16 in
Rutgers has a unique history as a
colonial college, a land-grant institution, and a state university.
Chartered in1766 as Queen's College, it was the eighth institution of
higher learning to befounded in the colonies. The school opened its
doors in New Brunswick in 1771 with one instructor, one sophomore, and
a handful of first-year students. During this early period, the college
developed as a classical liberal arts institution. In 1825, the name of
the college was changed to Rutgers to honor a former trustee and
Revolutionary War veteran, Colonel Henry Rutgers.
College became the land-grant college of New Jersey in 1864, resulting
in the establishment of the Rutgers Scientific School with departments
of agriculture, engineering, and chemistry. Further expansion in the
sciences came with the founding of the New Jersey Agricultural
Experiment Station in 1880, the College of Engineering in 1914 (now the
School of Engineering), and the Collegeof Agriculture (now Cook
College) in 1921. The precursors to several other Rutgers divisions
also date from this period: the College of Pharmacy in 1892 (now the
Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy), the New Jersey College for Women (now
Douglass College) in 1918, and the School of Education (now a graduate
school) in 1924.
Rutgers College became a university in1924.
The legislature passed laws in 1945 and 1956 designating all divisions
of Rutgers as the state university of New Jersey. During these years,
the university expanded dramatically. An evening division, University
College, opened in 1934. The University of Newark joined the system in
1946, and the College of South Jersey at Camden was added in1950.
Since the 1950s, Rutgers has continued to expand, especially in
graduate education. The Graduate School--New Brunswick, the Graduate
School--Newark, and the Graduate School--Camden serve their respective
campuses. In addition, the university has established professional
schools in applied and professional psychology; communication,
information, and librarystudies; criminal justice; the fine arts;
management; and social work. Several of these schools offer
undergraduate programs as well. In1969, the university founded
Livingston College to provide undergraduate degrees to a diverse
community of students.
Today, Rutgers continues to grow, both
in its facilities and in the variety and depth of its educational and
research programs. The university's goals for the future include the
continued provision of the highest quality undergraduate and graduate
education along with increased support for outstanding research to meet
the needs of society and to fulfill Rutgers' role as the state
university of New Jersey.