The philosophy of Rutgers' College of Nursing reflects the
beliefs of the faculty and gives direction to the curricula of the
baccalaureate, the master's, and the doctoral nursing programs, as well
as to the continuing education and educational opportunity fund
programs. The college philosophy and goals are consistent with
its mission statement. The faculty has a set of beliefs
regarding the metaparadigm concepts of the discipline: humans,
the environment, health, and nursing. These beliefs as well as
those regarding the learning process, provide the foundation for the
organizing framework for the undergraduate and graduate curricula.
are holistic beings whose totality is expressed through biological,
psychological, cultural, and spiritual dimensions. As sentient,
thinking, and acting beings, humans manifest increasingly complex and
diverse behaviors as they move through the life span. Humans progress
through discernible phases of development, each having its own set of
tasks, needs, and health care requirements. As humans progress through
the life span, they manifest varying levels of health and illness, some
of which relate to their phase of development. Humans function in
society as individuals, families, groups, communities, and
organizations and are in constant interaction with their environment.
environment is broadly defined as having physical, social, cultural,
economic, and political dimensions. These dimensions interact with
humans as they progress through the life span and are reflected in
their state of health.
Health is a dynamic physical, mental,
and social phenomenon that emerges from human-environment interactions.
Health is evaluated by the individual's subjective feelings of
well-being and objectively by biobehavioral measures and standards.
Health needs are viewed within a developmental context and are met
through health promotion, risk reduction, and illness and symptom
Nursing is an art and a science. Nursing is
expressed as an art committed to promoting, maintaining, and restoring
the health of humans across the life span through culturally sensitive
care to diverse populations within the context of their environment.
Nursing's unique perspective of humans, their environment, and their
health provides the foundation for the continuing development of nursing
science. Nursing science is an organized body of knowledge derived from
research and scientific methods. It describes, explains, and predicts
phenomena related to the metaparadigm concepts of nursing and provides
the foundation for basic and advanced nursing practice. Nursing history
and philosophic inquiry contribute to nursing knowledge. The science of
nursing is applied through creative, therapeutic modalities of care in
a variety of settings. Nursing's focus of health care is optimization
of health through health promotion, risk reduction, and illness and
symptom management. Health maintenance and optimum wellness are the
desired outcomes of care.
Health care should be humanistic,
accessible, affordable, cost-effective, ethical, and accountable to the
changing health demands of society. Health care services require a
comprehensive and coordinated interdisciplinary approach. Nurses
function independently and collaboratively in a variety of roles and
with other health care professionals in a wide array of human service
organizations and independent practice settings. Nurses encourage
individuals to assume more responsibility for their health through the
promotion of healthy lifestyles and informed decision making.
is the acquisition of knowledge, cognitive skills, values, and beliefs
that move the student forward on the learner maturity continuum.
Self-motivation, self-awareness, and open communication are intrinsic
to the learning process. Learning occurs through a process of inquiry
and experience and builds on prior knowledge and skills. Dynamic
interactions that occur between and among students and faculty enhance
learning. The outcome of this learning process is a graduate who is
knowledgeable and compassionate and able to integrate and apply nursing
knowledge competently for the betterment of the client being served.
faculty believes that a baccalaureate education prepares the student to
function as an autonomous professional, qualified to practice using the
latest knowledge, skills, and ethics. Students are prepared as
generalists for practice in a variety of health care settings with
ethical and cultural sensitivity for diverse population groups. The
graduate possesses a broad knowledge base and skills in clinical
reasoning, judgment, and leadership, which provide a solid base for
personal and professional growth and for advanced education in nursing.