Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, with more than 50,000
students on campuses in Camden, Newark, and New Brunswick/Piscataway,
is one of the nation's major state university systems. The university
comprises 29 degree-granting divisions: 12 undergraduate colleges and
schools, 11 graduate schools, and six schools offering both
undergraduate and graduate degrees. Five are located in Camden, eight
in Newark, and 16 in New Brunswick/ Piscataway.
Rutgers has a
unique history as a colonial college, a land-grant institution, and a
state university. Chartered in 1766 as Queen's College, it was the
eighth institution of higher learning to be founded in the colonies.
The school opened its doors in New Brunswick in 1771 with one
instructor, one sophomore, and a handful of first-year students. During
this early period, the college developed as a classical liberal arts
institution. In 1825, the name of the college was changed to Rutgers to
honor a former trustee and Revolutionary War veteran, Colonel Henry
Rutgers College became the land-grant college of New
Jersey in 1864, resulting in the establishment of the Rutgers
Scientific School with departments of agriculture, engineering, and
chemistry. Further expansion in the sciences came with the founding of
the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station in 1880, the College of
Engineering in 1914 (now the School of Engineering), and the College of
Agriculture (now Cook College) in 1921. The precursors to several other
Rutgers divisions also date from this period: the College of Pharmacy
in 1892 (now the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy), the New Jersey
College for Women (now Douglass College) in 1918, and the School of
Education (now a graduate school) in 1924.
became a university in 1924. The legislature passed laws in 1945 and
1956 designating all divisions of Rutgers as the state university of
New Jersey. During these years, the university expanded dramatically.
An evening division, University College, opened in 1934. The University
of Newark joined the system in 1946, and the College of South Jersey at
Camden was added in 1950.
Since the 1950s, Rutgers has
continued to expand, especially in graduate education. The Graduate
School- New Brunswick, the Graduate School-Newark, and the Graduate
School-Camden serve their respective campuses. In addition, the
university has established professional schools in applied and
professional psychology; communication, information, and library
studies; criminal justice; the fine arts; management; and social work.
Several of these schools offer undergraduate programs as well. In 1969,
the university founded Livingston College to provide undergraduate
degrees to a diverse community of students.
continues to grow, both in its facilities and in the variety and depth
of its educational and research programs. The university's goals for
the future include the continued provision of the highest quality
undergraduate and graduate education along with increased support for
outstanding research to meet the needs of society and to fulfill
Rutgers` role as the state university of New Jersey.