Note: Some upperlevel courses may be given in alternate years. Please check with departmental advisers.

50:640:041
Elementary Algebra (NC)
The system of integers, exponentiation, graphing, solution of equations, and basic notions of geometry.
For students who do not have the usual background in mathematics for college admission.

50:640:042
Intermediate Algebra (NC)
Study of algebraic operations on polynomials, integral and rational exponents, linear and quadratic equations, systems of equations, and the function concept.
Prerequisite: 50:640:041 or placement by basic skills test.

50:640:103
Fundamental Mathematics Systems I (R) (3)
Sets, logic, number systems, and algebraic structures.
Prerequisite: 50:640:042 or appropriate score on mathematics placement examination. Particularly suitable for students of elementary education.

50:640:104
Fundamental Mathematics Systems II (R) (3)
Informal geometry, measurement, coordinate geometry, transformational geometry, and introduction to computers.
Prerequisite: 50:640:042 or appropriate score on mathematics placement examination. Particularly suitable for students of elementary education.

50:640:105
Finite Mathematics (R) (3)
Introduction to important and fundamental areas of mathematics that do not require calculus. Topics include set theory; functions and relations; and the algebra of vectors and matrices with applications to systems of linear equations, linear programming, and game theory.
Particularly suitable for business and economics majors.

50:640:106
An Introduction to Mathematical Thought (R) (3)
An understanding of the topics chosen for illustrating mathematical thinking within the reach of the student with the usual high school background.
Prerequisite: 50:640:042 or appropriate score on mathematics placement examination. For the student who has serious interest in learning something about mathematical thought and its applications, but who is not planning to major in mathematics.

50:640:108
Numbers and Beyond (R) (3)
Study of the properties and qualities of number systems and spatial relationships in geometry. Topics needed to explore the developmental beauty of mathematics discussed. Some are logic and reasoning; set theory and number theory; function (not limited to linear); sequences; basic concepts from calculus; group and field concepts; and spatial concepts, such as rotations, translations, and geometric objects.
Prerequisite: 50:640:042 or appropriate score on the mathematics placement examination. This course is designed for students who are considering secondary certification. In addition, it also satisfies the 3credit mathematics requirement for any other major.

50:640:113
Precalculus for Business, Economics, and Biology (R) (3)
A study of real numbers with regard to algebraic operations and order properties. Introduction to complex numbers and logarithmic and exponential functions.
Prerequisite: 50:640:042 or appropriate score on the mathematics placement examination. Credit not given for both this course and 50:640:115. A nonrequired preparatory course for those students who must take 50:640:130.

50:640:114
Trigonometry and Analytic Geometry (R) (3)
Elements of plane trigonometry and trigonometric identities. Plane loci, properties of the conic sections, and transformations of coordinates. The line, plane, and quadric surface in three dimensions.

50:640:115
Precalculus College Mathematics (R) (3)
Algebraic expressions; algebraic equations; functions; graphing; and exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions.
Prerequisite: 50:640:042 or appropriate score on the mathematics placement examination. Credit not given for both this course and 50:640:113. A nonrequired preparatory course for those students who must take 50:640:121122.

50:640:116
Elements of Calculus (R) (3)
A onesemester survey of the elements of calculus, with emphasis on applications. Topics include elementary functions and their derivatives, rate of change, curve tracing, velocity, minimum and maximum, law of growth and decay, antiderivatives, and definite integral.
Students who plan to take more than one semester of calculus should follow the sequence 50:640:121122. Credit will not, in general, be given for more than one of the courses 50:640:116, 121, or 130.

50:640:121
Unified Calculus I (R) (4)
An introduction to analytic geometry, differentiation of algebraic and transcendental functions, applications of differentiation, and a brief introduction to integration.
Prerequisite: 50:640:115 or appropriate score on the mathematics placement examination. Students who plan to take more than one semester of calculus should follow the sequence 50:640:121122. Credit will not, in general, be given for more than one of the courses 50:640:116, 121, or 130.

50:640:122
Unified Calculus II (R) (4)
An extensive introduction to integration and the definite integral, transcendental functions, methods of integration, applications, and infinite series.
Prerequisite: 50:640:121 or equivalent.

50:640:129
Linear Mathematics for Business and Economics (R) (3)
Basic algebra, matrices, and linear programming with applications to problems in business and economics.
Prerequisite: 50:640:113 or appropriate score on the mathematics placement examination. A mathematics foundations course for the student majoring in business and economics.

50:640:130
Calculus for Business, Economics, and Life Sciences (R) (3)
A onesemester survey of the elements of calculus with emphasis on applications in business, economics, and life sciences. Topics covered are basic algebra, derivatives, maximum/minimum problems, integration, and partial differentiation.
Prerequisite: 50:640:113 or appropriate score on the mathematics placement examination. Students who plan to take more than one semester of calculus should follow the sequence 50:640:121122. Credit will not, in general, be given for more than one of the courses 50:640:116, 121, or 130.

50:640:182
Elements of Probability (R) (3)
A onesemester survey of the elements of the mathematical theory of probability with emphasis on applications. Topics include sets, subsets, Venn diagrams, partitions, independent events, sample spaces and weights, conditional probabilities, the binomial theorem, methods in combinatorial probability, the binomial distribution, and expected value.

50:640:190
Introduction to Higher Mathematics (R) (3)
An encyclopedic survey of different branches of mathematics.
Designed primarily for mathematics majors.

50:640:221
Unified Calculus III (4)
Solid analytic geometry, partial differentiation, multiple integrals, and applications.
Prerequisite: 50:640:122.

50:640:237
Discrete Mathematics (3)
Sets, relations, and functions. Mathematical induction; recursion; propositional logic; introduction to first order logic; Boolean algebra; and elements of combinatorics. Introduction to graphs and trees.
Prerequisites: 50:640:113 and 121, or placement.

50:640:250
Linear Algebra (3)
Vector spaces, the calculus of matrices, and the theory of determinants.
Prerequisite: 50:640:115 or permission of instructor.

50:640:300
Mathematical Reasoning with Proofs (3)
Course develops two fundamental components of "writing mathematics": reasoning (thinking about the proof) and writing (formulating and writing the ideas precisely using logical statements). Begins with illustrative examples and general guidelines.
Prerequisites: 50:640:121, 122.

50:640:311312
Advanced Calculus I,II (3,3)
A study of convergence, uniform convergence, and continuity, with applications to series expansions in one and several variables; partial differentiation; multiple, line, and surface integrals.
Prerequisites: 50:640:221, 250, and 300.

50:640:314
Elementary Differential Equations (3)
Theory of ordinary differential equations. Power series methods and existence and uniqueness theorems. Applications to problems in economics, biology, chemistry, physics, and engineering.
Prerequisites: 50:640:221 and 250, or permission of instructor.

50:640:331
Introduction to Actuarial Mathematics (3)
Survey of calculus and linear algebra, with particular emphasis on topics such as complex exponents and logarithms.
Pre or corequisite: 50:640:221. Preparation course for the first exam of the college of actuaries.

50:640:345
Mathematics on the Web (3)
Designed to get acquainted with using the World Wide Web for finding mathematical information and communicating mathematics.
Prerequisites: 50:640:121, 122, 221, 250, or permission of instructor. Recommended also as an elective for students majoring in computer science.

50:640:347
Visualizing Mathematics by Computer (3)
A comprehensive introduction to symbolic computational packages and
scientific visualization through examples from calculus and geometry.
Covers twodimensional, threedimensional, and animated computer
graphics using Maple, Mathematica, and Geomview. No programming
knowledge required.
Prerequisites: 50:640:121, 122, 221, or permission of instructor. Recommended also as an elective for students majoring in computer science.

50:640:351352
Introduction to Modern Algebra (3,3)
The study of groups, rings, field, and linear spaces.
Prerequisites: 50:640:250, 300, and 356, or permission of instructor.

50:640:356
Theory of Numbers (3)
Properties of the natural numbers, simple continued fractions, congruences, and elementary arithmetical functions.
Prerequisites: 50:640:122 and 300, or permission of instructor.

50:640:357
Computational Mathematics (3)
Designed to emphasize the computational aspect of number theory. The most important topics to treat are the prime numbers, pseudo primes, and their applications, especially cryptography; prime factorization of composite numbers via several different methods explored. Computer simulation emphasized.
Prerequisite: 50:640:250 or permission of instructor. Alternate substitute for 50:640:356. Recommended also as an elective for students majoring in computer science.

50:640:358
Advanced Discrete Mathematics (3)
Covers recurrent problems, generating functions: exponential and Dirichlet, number theory, special numbers, graphs, trees, asymptotics, difference equations, and other topics.
Prerequisite: 50:640:237.

50:640:363364
Computational Engineering Mathematics I,II (3,3)
Covers integral theorems of vector analysis, complex variables, series solutions to differential equations, Laplace and Fourier transforms, and use of mathematical software languages such as Maple and Mathematica.
Prerequisite: 50:640:314.

50:640:368
Mathematics for Economic and Business Analysis (3)
Emphasizes the mathematical foundations of analysis in optimization of multivariate functions; differential and difference equations; linear programming; problems with particular consideration to business and economic interpretation.
Prerequisites: 50:640:129, 130.

50:640:375
Fourier Series (3)
Introduction to the solution of boundary value problems in the partial differential equations of mathematics, physics, and engineering by means of Fourier series, Fourier transforms, and orthogonal functions.
Prerequisite: 50:640:314.

50:640:396
Honors Program in Mathematics (3)

50:640:401
Foundations of Analysis (3)
Introduction to basic concepts of topology and analysis, including point sets, uniform continuity, uniform convergence, compactness, metric spaces, Jordan curves, and the RiemannStieljes integral.
Pre or corequisite: 50:640:311.

50:640:402
Foundations of Analysis (3)
Hilbert Space, Banach Space, Lebesgue integral, and elements of functional analysis.
Prerequisite: 50:640:401.

50:640:403
Introductory Theory of Functions of a Complex Variable (3)
Topological concepts, analytic functions, elementary conformal mappings, line integrals, Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formula, and the calculus of residues. Taylor and Laurent series, normal families, Riemann mapping theorem, and harmonic functions.
Prerequisites: 50:640:221, 300, and 311; or permission of instructor.

50:640:410
Vector Analysis (3)
Vector calculus and its application to physics. Gauss, Stokes, Green theorems. Potentials.
Prerequisite: 50:640:221.

50:640:427
Advanced Differential Equations (3)
Autonomous and nonautonomous systems of differential equations; phase plane analysis and stability of critical points; the perturbation method applied to nonlinear equations; modeling and analysis of environmental, biological, chemical, and economic systems. An article interdisciplinary in nature discussed in detail.
Prerequisites: 50:640:250 and 314.

50:640:432
Introduction to Differential Geometry (3)
Space, curves, curvature, torsions, Frenet formulas, curvilinear coordinates, fundamental forms, mean and Gaussian curvature, and the general theory of surfaces.
Prerequisites: 50:640:221 and 300, or permission of instructor.

50:640:435
Geometry (3)
Euclidean and nonEuclidean geometries, geometric transformations. Complex language in geometry. Moebius transformations. Symmetries and tessellations. Projective geometry. Regular polytopes.
Prerequisites: 50:640:121, 122, 221, 300; or permission of instructor.

50:640:441
Introductory Topology (3)
A study of the standard topics of the set theoretic topology.
Prerequisites: 50:640:221 and 300, or permission of instructor.

50:640:463464
Partial Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems (3,3)
An advanced course in methods of applied mathematics. Covers elementary partial differential equations in the engineering and physical sciences. Simple models (heat flow, vibrating strings, and membranes) are emphasized. Discusses method of separation of variables, Fourier series, methods of characteristics for linear wave equations, introduction to finitedifference numerical methods for partial differential equations, and other topics.
Prerequisites: 50:640:363364.

50:640:465
Introduction to the Fundamentals of Mathematics (3)
Selected topics from the different areas of mathematics.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

50:640:472
Special Functions (3)
Theory and applications of functions frequently used in modern analysis
such as the gamma function, delta function, Green's functions, Legendre
functions, Bessel functions, Schwarz distributions, and others.
Prerequisite: 50:640:314.

50:640:477478
Mathematical Theory of Probability (3,3)
Mathematical theory of discrete and continuous probabilities.
Prerequisites: 50:640:121 and 50:960:336, or permission of instructor.

50:640:491,492
Mathematics Seminar I,II (3,3)
Members of the seminar present individually developed reports on topics of mathematical interest.
Prerequisite: 50:640:300 or permission of instructor.

50:640:493494
Individual Study in Mathematics (BA,BA)

50:640:495496
Honors Program in Mathematics (3,3)
