Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a leading
national research university and the state of New Jersey's preeminent,
comprehensive public institution of higher education. Established in 1766, the
university is the eighth oldest higher education institution in the United
States. More than 67,000 students and 22,000 faculty and staff learn, work, and
serve the public at Rutgers locations across New Jersey and around the world.
Chartered in 1766 as all-male Queen's College in New
Brunswick, New Jersey, the school, affiliated with the Dutch Reformed Church,
was renamed Rutgers College in 1825 in honor of trustee and Revolutionary War
veteran Colonel Henry Rutgers.
In the mid-19th century, Congress established the nation's
land-grant colleges in response to the Industrial Revolution. In 1864, Rutgers
prevailed over Princeton to become New Jersey's land-grant institution, tasked
with offering educational access to a wider range of students who would be the new
workforce for America's expanding businesses, factories, and farms.
Access for women arrived in 1918, when the New Jersey
College for Women (now Douglass Residential College) was founded. In 1945 and
1956, state legislative acts designated Rutgers as The State University of New
Jersey, a public institution. The University of Newark (now Rutgers
University–Newark) joined Rutgers in 1946, followed by the College of South
Jersey (now Rutgers University–Camden) in 1950, which gave Rutgers a statewide
In 1989, Rutgers University–New Brunswick was invited to
join the Association of American Universities, making Rutgers' flagship one of
the top 62 research universities in North America. Rutgers' standing as a
leading university reached new heights in 2013 when a state legislative act
transferred to Rutgers much of the former University of Medicine and Dentistry
of New Jersey, creating Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences and dramatically
expanding Rutgers' mission to include academic medicine and wide-ranging
patient care. In the same year, Rutgers University–New Brunswick joined the Big
Ten Academic Alliance. In 2016, the university established Rutgers Health, a
comprehensive academic health care provider organization, which serves patients
throughout New Jersey.
With 31 schools and
colleges, Rutgers University offers over 100 undergraduate majors and more than
200 graduate and professional degree programs. The university graduates more
than 16,000 students each year and has nearly 470,000 living alumni residing in
all 50 states and on six continents.