Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Graduate School–Camden
About the University
Institutional and Specialized Accreditation
Graduate Study at the University
Financial Aid
Student Life
Student Programs and Services
Academic Policies and Procedures
Degree Requirements
Programs, Faculty, and Courses
School of Business–Camden
School of Social Work: Master of Social Work (M.S.W.) Program
Divisions of the University
Camden Newark New Brunswick/Piscataway
  Graduate School–Camden 2013–2015 About the University  

About the University

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is the premier public university of New Jersey and one of the oldest and most highly regarded institutions of higher education in the nation. With more than 65,000 students and more than 24,400 faculty and staff on its three major campuses in New Brunswick, Newark, and Camden, Rutgers is a vibrant academic community committed to the highest standards of teaching, research, and service.

Colonial College

One of only nine colonial colleges established before the American Revolution, a fledgling Queen's College, chartered in 1766, was swept up in the struggle for independence. During the war, students, faculty, and alumni joined the fight for freedom. As the British pursued George Washington through New Jersey, classes were held sporadically in churches and private homes around the New Brunswick area.

After the war, the college continued to struggle financially and faced some difficult options. School trustees considered moving the college to New York. At one point, the Board of Trustees voted on a resolution to merge with Princeton. The measure failed by one vote.

Plagued by a lack of funds, trustees shuttered and reopened the school twice between 1795 and 1825. At the second revival, the school was renamed to honor Colonel Henry Rutgers, a Revolutionary War veteran and a well-regarded member of the Dutch Reformed Church. Soon after, Colonel Rutgers gave the namesake school a bell and donated the interest from a bond.

Land-Grant Institution

By the mid-19th century, the Industrial Revolution had brought sweeping change to America--and to the liberal arts tradition in higher education. An act of Congress established a system of state land-grant colleges to train students in the mechanical arts and agriculture. In 1864, Rutgers prevailed over Princeton to become the state's land-grant college, an event that led to Rutgers' emergence as a modern institution of higher learning. In 1880, the New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station was established to bring scientific rigor to farming practices. Over the next several decades, Rutgers began offering graduate studies and expanded its offerings in the sciences, including pharmaceutical (1892) and engineering (1914) programs. In 1921, the College of Agriculture (later Cook College and now the School of Environmental and Biological Sciences) was founded.

New Jersey's State University

In 1924, Rutgers College officially became Rutgers University, a reflection of the institution's rapidly expanding number of schools and academic programs. Early in the century, Rutgers had begun offering educational opportunities to women when the New Jersey College for Women (now Douglass Residential College) was founded in 1918, and to adult learners when University College was established in 1934. After World War II, enrollment exploded as Rutgers, still a private institution, admitted all qualified candidates under the GI Bill. Rutgers was becoming an institution for all people, and in 1945 and 1956, state legislative acts formally designated Rutgers as The State University of New Jersey.

A flurry of expansion ensued. The University of Newark (now Rutgers University-Newark) joined Rutgers in 1946, followed by the College of South Jersey (now Rutgers University-Camden) in 1950. An ambitious building program added libraries, classrooms, and student housing across the three regional campuses. In 1969, Livingston College opened, providing a coeducational residential experience with a special commitment to diversity. Graduate education in the arts and sciences grew through the establishment of the Graduate School-New Brunswick, the Graduate School-Newark, and the Graduate School–Camden. Professional schools were formed to serve students in the fields of business; communication, information, and library studies; criminal justice; education; fine arts; law; management and labor relations; nursing; planning and public policy; psychology; public affairs and administration; and social work. Meanwhile, as industry and government sought partners in solving problems and advancing knowledge, the concept of the research university emerged.

Major Public Research University

In 1981, Rutgers adopted a blueprint for its transformation into a major public research university. With increased support from state, federal, and corporate partners, Rutgers' strength in research grew dramatically. In 1989, in recognition of its enhanced stature, Rutgers was invited to join the prestigious Association of American Universities, an organization comprising the top 62 research universities in North America. Today, professors and students work in more than 300 specialized research centers, unraveling mysteries in marine sciences, early childhood education, neuroscience, advanced materials, climate change, nutrition, homeland security, transportation, and many other areas that can improve life both in New Jersey and around the world.

A 2007 major reorganization of undergraduate education in New Brunswick reinvigorated the undergraduate experience for both students and faculty by combining the traditions and strengths of four undergraduate liberal arts college--Douglass, Livingston, Rutgers, and University--into a single School of Arts and Sciences.

In 2013, a historic restructuring of higher education in New Jersey took place. A state legislative act transferred to Rutgers much of the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey--seven schools, including existing faculty practices, the Cancer Institute of New Jersey, and University Behavioral Health Care. Rutgers now includes the highest level of biomedical and scientific research coupled with clinical applications.

With 33 schools and colleges, Rutgers offers over 100 undergraduate majors and more than 200 graduate and professional degree programs. The university graduates more than 16,000 students each year and has nearly 450,000 living alumni residing in all 50 states and on six continents. Rutgers also sponsors community initiatives in all 21 New Jersey counties. Universitywide, new degree programs, research endeavors, and community outreach are in development to meet the demands of the 21st century.

For additional information, contact RU-info at 732-445-info (4636) or
Comments and corrections to: Campus Information Services.

© 2014 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. All rights reserved.